The State Duma adopted a law on evacuation in case of emergencies – clarifications on the essence of innovations

The State Duma adopted in the third reading amendments to the Federal Law “On the Protection of Population and Territories from Natural and Technogenic Emergencies”. It also deals with the obligation of citizens to evacuate in the event of an emergency threat.

The State Duma website has published answers to the most frequent questions about the law. Vasily Piskarev, the chairman of the relevant Committee on Security and Anti-Corruption, reassures: there is no talk of forced evacuation in the new law.

“Forced evacuation of people from the emergency zone is not provided for by law.

The law imposes on citizens the obligation to evacuate from the territory in which there is a threat of an emergency, or from the emergency zone upon receipt of information on the conduct of evacuation measures.

In this case, the decision to evacuate will be made in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, in the event of a real threat to the life and health of citizens, if they are in the territory exposed to hazardous factors of an emergency.

This can be, for example, a fire or flood zone, when there are reliable reasons to believe that people may be injured as a result of an emergency.

… People will be evacuated to temporary accommodation centers (hostels, hotels, sanatoriums, other places suitable for living) located in safe places. In temporary accommodation points, the evacuees are provided with food, medical care and other types of primary life support, including the provision of psychological assistance.

Also, if desired, citizens can be accommodated with relatives (acquaintances) living outside the emergency zone.

According to the Rules of Conduct, mandatory for citizens and organizations, upon the introduction of a high alert or emergency situation …, having received instructions (instructions) from authorized officials, including through the media or telecom operators, citizens are required to evacuate from the territory, on which there is a threat of an emergency, or from the emergency zone.

For failure to comply with these instructions, a citizen may be given a warning or an administrative fine in the amount of 1 to 30 thousand rubles (part 1 of article 20.6.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation) may be imposed on him.

Children are evacuated together with their parents. The only exceptions are cases when children are in kindergartens and schools at the time of the emergency. In this case, the parents are informed of the places of evacuation of the children so that they can pick them up or stay with them.

After the completion of all activities related to the elimination of emergencies, as well as in the case of confirmation that there is no threat to the life and health of people, the emergency regime is canceled and citizens can return home, “- said in an explanation on the State Duma website.

Source: Русская весна by

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