The Soviets first followed the example of bees, and today the United States does the same

About 76 percent of global food production depends on pollinating plants. Proper pollination can also increase yields. This fact is already in the XX. It was also known in the middle of the 19th century. This is evidenced by the newspaper People of the Storm published in 1953 Article, which literally reads:

“Let us follow the Soviet example! Collect more feed for the common good! In the Ogyessza area, the artificial replacement of foreign pollinated agricultural crops has become the rule. This method can significantly increase the yield of rye, corn, sunflower and alfalfa. This year, artificial replacement pollination is being carried out in an area one and a half times larger than last year. They are currently preparing for the additional pollination of sunflower and maize. ”

The artificial pollination of flowers was previously justified by the maximization of yield. Nowadays, however, other reasons may be contributing to its spread – because the procedure is certainly spreading. Today, we can hear about the increasing extinction of pollinating insects around the world. And the death of beetles can threaten the loss of pollination and thus the decline of the crop. Partly because of such cases, more and more countries, such as Israel, China or the US, are trying to artificially pollinate.

In China, however, there is a third reason why drones are used for pollination, such as farmers in Korla City, Xinjiang Province. If machines work instead of bees, there is less chance of plant diseases spreading. In addition, this method is considered to be much more efficient and less expensive than the manual procedure used in other parts of the country. The en.people.cn Article according to a drone pilot, it triggers five workers working with conventional equipment, and is much cheaper. The drone company goes even further: they say their flying structures are 80 times more efficient than manual labor.

However, we do not have to go to East Asia if we want to find an example of machine solutions. The Israeli Edete company also develops similar technology – it is true that they do not do the work with flying drones, but their machines pull their devices. The company’s technology is used in pistachio plantations in California, USA, among other places. In this case, there was an increase in yield of about 24 percent a news recently.

Blooming orchard. The picture is an illustration.

They trust the bees at home

Artificial pollination is not widespread in Hungary. None of the farmers interviewed by Napi.hu has yet encountered this procedure. Agrarianists trust the work of bees and do not yet consider domestic bee mortality drastic.

István Kónya is a primary producer. He has been farming in West Borsod for about 25 years, among other things. He used to have 55 bee colonies and had a good income from the sale of the honey he produced. Today, it has reduced its stock to 15 families as it has less time for them. Nowadays, he mostly works as a forester and takes care of his fruit trees.

He told Napi.hu that he migrated with his bees for twenty years following the flowering in Hungary. It never happened during this time that farmers sought to bring their bees to them because their plants had to be pollinated. On the contrary, the beekeepers fought for a more prosperous area to unload their hives there.

In my opinion, it is not a question for farms in Hungary in particular how their plants will be pollinated. There are a lot of beekeepers and bees, and the country is a bit. Such a problem can arise where it is the other way around: there are fewer beekeepers, but the country is big, like in the US

– the primary producer of our portal thought of the existing condition with noble simplicity.

However, he is not the only one who sees the situation similarly. Krisztián Kánya represents the third generation in his family among those who farm in agriculture. He and his father are engaged in arable crop production on 140 hectares in Újcsanálos, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. Sunflowers, wheat, soybeans, sweet potatoes and sea buckthorn are also grown. On the outskirts of their lands often see hives during the summer season.

“Before the blooms in the spring, 3-4 beekeepers will also find out if they can unload their bees to us for the season. For my part, there is nothing to stop me. Although, if they didn’t come, I don’t think we would have a problem with it, as there are a lot of beekeeping in the area and not everyone migrates with beetles. As an individual, if I have already said yes to a beekeeper, no one else will come here, as their bees would take the pollen and nectar from each other, ”the young farmer told Napi.hu.

Bees in front of István Kónya's hive.

Bees at the exit of István Kónya’s hive.

The problems are different

The lack of bees is a growing problem in the world, but there are no signs of a negative trend in Hungary yet. However, the farmers we interviewed drew attention to other serious problems of domestic crop production and apiaries.

István Kónya mentioned that due to the more and more frequent extreme weather, problems arise from year to year that can span generations of bee colonies. He said the flowers could freeze due to the late frosts. It is also possible that due to rainy weather, bees cannot fly out of the hive and do not get enough nectar and pollen. Without them, bee colonies are unable to develop and strengthen in time, leaving generations of unborn bees out. As a result, there will not be enough outgoing, collecting bees in later flowering. And if the flowers are large or you don’t have enough utersus, the amount of honey you produce will drop, as has been the case in recent years.

In addition to the negative effects of the unfavorable weather, Krisztián Kánya complained mostly about the disappearance of the input costs of agriculture. Among other things, energy prices have risen significantly, but the means of production they use, pesticides or, for example, labor have risen nationally.


Source: Napi.hu by www.napi.hu.

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