Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed announced that his country is proceeding with the second mobilization of the Renaissance Dam, despite strong opposition from Egypt and Sudan. In a message to his citizens on the occasion of Easter, published by his Twitter account, he added that his country is looking forward to implementing the second filling of the Dam Lake on the Blue Nile River next July.
He added that the closer Ethiopia is to achieving the desired hope, the stronger the test, noting that the dam project, whose cost exceeds 4 billion dollars, is in its final stages, adding that the challenges facing Ethiopia will not prevent it from implementing more projects.
For its part, Sudanese Foreign Minister Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi said that Ethiopia is working to buy time by its intransigence in the Renaissance Dam negotiations.
During a meeting with her Ugandan counterpart Sam Kutesa in the capital, Kampala, the minister emphasized the fundamentals of the Sudanese position calling for supporting a serious and effective negotiation mechanism led by the African Union and granting an essential role to experts and observers that would result in reaching a binding agreement.
She pointed out that the aim of her African tour is to inform the Cairo countries about the fact of the negotiations on the issue of the Renaissance Dam, before embarking on the process of the second filling and taking any unilateral steps from the Ethiopian side. On his part, Sam Kutesa, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uganda, expressed his hope that Sudan and Ethiopia would reach a solution to the problems of the Renaissance Dam and the borders by peaceful means, stressing that his country will support the trend towards an amicable negotiated solution.
Dr. Mohamed Abu Zeid, a former Minister of Irrigation, a world expert in the field of water, said the statements of Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, confirm that the procedures for the second filling will proceed without waiting for the results of the negotiations between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia.
Abu Zeid added, in his interview with Al-Jazeera Mubasher, that Egypt and Sudan are now carrying out an international escalation campaign, and the foreign minister of the coup, Sameh Shoukry, has visited several African countries, and this stage precedes the trend to international arbitration.
He denounced Ethiopia’s adherence to Article 10 of the Principles Agreement signed in 2015, which stipulates that no party shall request international mediation except with the approval of the three countries, while it violated all the provisions signed in the agreement that refer to the need to reach a binding agreement and not proceed with unilateral measures without Other countries agree.
Abu Zeid clarified that the withdrawal of Egypt and Sudan from the Sudan agreement is not forthcoming, adding that the agreement of principles is the only document signed by the three countries, expressing his hope that the three countries will return to the negotiating table in line with the principles agreement.
Abu Zeid ruled out the coup authorities’ resorting to the military option, adding that Egypt and Sudan are preparing other strategies to confront Ethiopia’s intransigence, adding that Ethiopia’s taking on the second filling unilaterally will have a great impact on Egypt and Sudan.
Engineer Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Mustafa, a Sudanese dam engineering expert, said that the declaration of principles stipulated the necessity to agree on an appropriate mechanism to fill and operate the Renaissance Dam without harming the riparian countries with Ethiopia.
Al-Mustafa added, in his interview with Al-Jazeera Mubasher, that Sudan is located in the confrontation with the Renaissance Dam, which is only 15 km from the Sudanese Roseires Dam Lake and only 50 km from the dam, and Sudan has small dams that reserve only small quantities in the flood season. And it ends when the next flood comes.
Solution by agreement
He explained that the solution to the Renaissance Dam crisis will be a consensual solution through economic partnerships, exchange of benefits, and the pursuit of smart partnerships that achieve economic growth for the three countries.
For his part, Dr. Diaa Al-Din Al-Qousi, a global water expert and advisor to the former Minister of Irrigation, said that the Ethiopian Prime Minister’s statements were directed at home because of the internal crises he is facing, whether racial, social, ethnic or religious.
Al-Qousi added that Ethiopia’s talk of conducting the second filling and storing approximately 14 billion cubic meters, and this is a catastrophic matter, adding that in 1913 the natural revenue of the Blue Nile, Atara, Sobat and Bahr al-Ghazal was 40 billion cubic meters, and the Blue Nile’s share of them was approximately 20 billion, and if the same happened. It is this year that Ethiopia will have seized all the revenues of the Blue Nile, and there is no consolation for Egypt and Sudan.
Al-Qousi explained that international law stipulated a fair and just distribution, historical rights, harm prevention rules and prior notification, adding that Ethiopia believes that it has full and complete sovereignty over the Nile River.
He pointed out that the principles agreement should have been followed by an executive regulation in which each of these principles would be placed in a legal form signed by all parties, adding that the principles agreement stipulated respect for international agreements and international laws stipulating the fair and equitable distribution of water and the historical rights of states and the rules for prior notification. And preventing harm, all of which were not committed by Ethiopia, stressing that separate and detailed agreements, such as the executive regulations for laws, must be signed.
He pointed out that every billion cubic meters stored by Ethiopia means 200,000 feddans of water in Egypt, and holdings in Egypt are simple, and this area is distributed to 400,000 holders and each holder supports a family of 5 individuals, that is, nearly two million citizens.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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