Reports issued by the World Federation of Trade Unions said that “Egypt is the fifth worst country in the world in terms of safeguarding workers’ rights, and Egypt ranked behind Afghanistan with one place, and Iraq and Syria are not among the 10 worst countries.”
Last April, the Egyptian Minister of Manpower bragged about the situation of workers in Egypt, but later the International Trade Union Confederation placed Egypt among the 10 worst countries, so why has Egypt been on this list since 2013?
The most recent answer is that workers are still moaning about the absence of active trade union roles in obtaining their rights, and they are afraid to demand them because of the violations spread by the military and the expected harassment if they think about the sit-in, and the calamity is greater if the labor organization aims to strike to obtain salary arrears or incentives or production rates.
And for the sixth day, the workers of the Beshai Iron and Steel Company registered an open sit-in because the administration was not serious with them or thought of meeting their demands related to the cost of living allowance, the incentive to add, or the increase in salaries.
Work demands at Beshay Steel; Adjusting wages and incentives, so the company’s workers staged a sit-in in Sadat City amid complaints of delayed salaries and depriving them of annual profits. Since last July, union authorities have been addressing the release of 17 workers imprisoned for “legitimate rights” with promises of release pending activation.
The Committee on Trade Union Freedoms and Defense of Workers’ Rights addressed the Presidential Amnesty Committee to intervene and release 17 pre-trial detainees, workers from the Misr Insurance Company, Public Transport, Railways and Real Estate Taxes.
And last February, Universal recorded 4 suicides between work due to the lack of living and the debts that the simple worker is forced into without guarantees from the company, internal labor unions, or the General Trade Union.
The workers of the Universal Company in the second industrial zone in 6th of October City were forced to sit in, and the response was not to discuss their demands, but to use tear gas canisters, which were used by the Central Security Forces to disperse the sit-in inside the company.
Over the past months, workers from Universal, the Lord Company and the Petonil Company have been complaining about the deteriorating conditions and the suspension and interrogation of their colleagues because of their demand for their rights, including the installation of temporary workers and the amendment of annual contracts to permanent work contracts.
The accusations varied between; Illegal strike and incitement to strike, deliberate abuse of the company and causing severe material and moral damage, and the result was the dismissal of dozens of each company and the street became the fate of most of those who raise their voice.
It is noteworthy that the wage adjustment does not match the amount of money they receive. Some of them demanded that it not be less than 2,400 pounds (the minimum wage set by the state), as the average wages for workers who have spent ten years working are only about 2,000 pounds.
Labor activist Omaiya Imad said on Facebook that “the bullying of businessmen whom no one is capable of, the businessmen who surround them with a law that is biased towards them, yet they do not apply it and do not respect it.”
She explained that from the Lord’s hour, he did not dismiss 84 workers, and no one said, “What do you do?” Now, with Universal, 65 workers are separated in less than a month. The nature of countries is part of the salary, by the way, not extra.
She added, “A company that earns millions and is not satisfied with the workers giving its money. The workers went to the People’s Assembly, the Ministry of Manpower and the police departments. There is no door that has been messed up. The workers who worked with the company, an agreement in the heart of the ministry, and the company did not agree to it. Like their colleague Asim, who died and left and saw 3 children who are powerless from poverty and injustice because of the management of the criminal company that makes them work as forced labor. “.
25 million workers
Labor journalist Mohamed Ragab said that “25 million Egyptians and their families are in limbo, adding that more than 20 million Egyptians work in the private sector, including 15 million in non-permanent jobs, 18 million without social insurance, 19.7 million without health insurance, and 19.4 million without legal contract.
He explained that “private sector workers are in the first place in terms of the average number of working hours at 50 hours per week, compared to only 41 hours for their counterparts in the government.”
He pointed out that “the official figures and statistics are issued by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics, considering that they are shocking numbers that prove beyond doubt the lack of the minimum basic rights for workers in the private sector, the lack of safety and fair wages, insurance guarantees for seasonal employment and the confiscation of workers’ right to strike. Peaceful work, unfair working conditions, random dismissal without legal protection, no specific method in the current labor law for the value of wages or a period of time to re-evaluate these wages, and the absence of the rights of the majority of workers in the informal economic sector in the state, including construction workers, farmers, workers in restaurants, cafes, clinics and pharmacies, in social insurance against injury, disability and death.”
He added that, “in addition to the state of reaching the age of retirement and pension and restricting the right of workers to strike, which prompted the International Labor Organization to include Egypt on the black list of countries that violate international labor agreements and union rights and freedoms,” noting that “the government and for 6 years and the parliament have not succeeded in Adoption of the new labor law, similar to many laws that revolve in the corridors of the government and parliament, and do not expire, even if Law 12 of 2003, known as the Labor Law, grants some rights to private sector workers, but it does not do it, and no party is responsible for its implementation.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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