The revolution proved that the masses preceded the elite in revolutions and the “Ultras” participated strongly in rejecting injustice – the portal to freedom and justice

A recent study said that since 2013, “the state” believes that opening the public space to the emergence of forces not completely subject to the state’s authority leaves the field open to unrest and protests that may topple the existing political system, and concluded that “the January revolution confirmed that the masses precede the elite in revolutions and not the other way around.” .

The study, published by the political street website on the relationship between the revolution and the masses of football under the title “The State and the Ultras in Egypt .. On Power, Democratic Transition and the Rule of Law”, added that the restoration of the public sphere and the restoration of its effectiveness by society is not necessarily linked to the existence of a margin of movement for the political opposition, but rather to the existence of a margin. Movement in front of a non-politicized society.

Confronting any organized sector

The study indicated that the coup sees “the existence of organized and effective forces that threaten the stability of the existing system, even if these actors are ties to the” Ultras “fans.
She added, “It is sufficient for the leaders of these associations to decide to direct their efforts in the direction of the political opposition, then they directly become a source of great danger to the existing system.” She explained that, therefore, the state in Egypt resorts to legal legislation, security measures and other policies to prevent the emergence of any new effective forces on the one hand, and either earnestly seeking to dismantle the existing and active forces, or penetrate them and control them on the other hand, this policy does not differentiate between the Ultras ties and the Muslim Brotherhood. Or any other forces with effectiveness and presence in the street.

She pointed out that the coup, in its endeavor to nationalize the political sphere and get rid of the forces that it sees as an expected enemy, is using smear and demonization campaigns as a prelude to getting rid of it and preparing society to accept that. .

Rebellion to traditional cheerleading
The study indicated an important background in this regard, as the Ultras links appeared in Egypt in mid-2007, and throughout the years before the revolution, their main public activity remained linked to encouragement in the stands, as the stadiums are the only space for work in the public domain for the Ultras. However, the problem of the Ultras groups remained with the authority, whether it was the authority of the state or the authority of the clubs that encourage the Ultras groups their sports teams.
And she saw that the main pillar of the Ultras is the rebellion against the traditional patterns of encouragement, so encouragement for them is not just the love of the club or watching its matches from the front of the television screen or the association with the fans’ ties that prevailed before their appearance, and it was linked to the boards of directors of clubs and does not go outside the fold of obedience to this administration or space You drew her; Rather, the idea of ​​encouragement in the mentality of the Ultras or Mentality is based on independence from the restrictions of club boards of directors, the audio and visual creativity in the stadium, and moving behind the club in every match even if it is outside the borders of the country, as well as continuous encouragement throughout the duration of the match, whether the team is a loser or a winner. The most important thing for an Ultras member is cheer.

Hostility with the police

The study linked the rebellion of the supporters’ ties with the tension in the relationship with the authority, especially since most of the components of these ties range from the average age of 15-20 years.
She said that this tension in the relationship between the Ultras groups and the state’s authority represented by policemen is not limited to Egypt, so it is sufficient to know that the most prominent slogan shared by all Ultras groups around the world is “All Cops Are Bastards” (ACAB) there. Unnatural hostility between Ultras groups and police.

She pointed out that the stadium is an area of ​​clash that is almost the only one between the authority and the Ultras groups. Ultras are the space in which they express their affiliation with the clubs that encourage them and reveal their creativity in organizing and encouraging, while we find that the Egyptian authorities are in constant endeavor to control all The spaces and imposing its hegemony on all spaces, even the stadiums, thus clashes occurred between the two sides over the issue of which one is more worthy of controlling the stadiums, the security authority that seeks calm, stereotypes and compliance, or the Ultras links that seek the rebellious and creative expression of belonging to the club.

Among these clashes, the study focused on what resulted from the authority’s attempts to regain control of the stadiums, including the Port Said Stadium incident, which killed 74 Al-Ahly club fans, in February 2012, under the rule of the Military Council, and the Air Defense Stadium incident, which occurred on February 8, 2015. After the military coup, 20 Zamalek club fans were killed. It also resulted in the decision to hold football matches in Egypt without an audience; To get rid of the “headache” of the masses and Ultras groups.

Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by

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