THE PRESENT WITHOUT THE LOSS Marius Oprea


Among them, AJPIPS Bihor has a performance hard to match. For a decade now, he has refused to enforce a court sentence and continues to enforce the Securitate verdict, which changed a man’s life in hell.

The young man who did not know how to lie

For a long time, I have been in a continuous telephone contact with a man from Bihor, Gheorghe Groze from Borod commune. He’s over 60, as far as I know about him, but his voice seems even older. He is a tired citizen of Romania, tired of seeing on his own skin how the continuity between communism and a never-ending transition works, at the level of institutionalized mentalities.

Gheorghe Groze is destined to remain a “dissident for life”, as the journalist Dan Sima wrote in the Oradea daily “Bihoreanul”, in an article that described the situation to him a long time ago, before it became complicated again. Born in the village of Corniţel in the commune of Borod in a family of Pentecostals, the student Groze left, after primary school in the village, for the city; he attended the Vocational School of the Mechanical Plant in Timişoara and lived at the boarding school, like the tens of thousands of children of peasants from the rural localities of Romania devastated by collectivization, who went to make a living. Only he was “significant” from birth, as a Pentecostal. On Thursdays and Sundays he went to services at a house of prayer on Romulus Street. Educated not to lie or steal, two strict rules of worship, he told the truth to the boarding school porter when asked where he was going: “I told him honestly where I was going, and he reported me.” At the age of 17, student Groze came to the attention of the “organs”.

Like many colleagues, in the evening Gheorghe Groze listened to a “Free Europe” battery-powered radio and then commented on the gray reality around him: “I was talking about the lack of food, about the fact that we have no freedom and that, either in prison or outside, we have the same life. “After being chased by a colleague, the home teacher warned him that he would have problems. But Groze could not lie, like the others, about what he was living and seeing because he had been raised that way. The threat could not change his faith, he was not allowed to take the professional’s graduation exam and was finally sent as an apprentice to a car workshop in Oradea, and without knowing it, the invisible Securitate net had already been spread over him.

The investigation file was opened for the young Gheorghe Groze, after he took down Ceausescu’s picture from the car repair department and the security lieutenant Liviu Radu was in charge of his surveillance, as it appears from the file from CNSAS. He was periodically summoned to the Militia, the front of the Securitate’s operations, where Captain Feica and Lieutenant Radu either tried to take him by surprise, or he was cursed, because the young man continued, even in front of them, to tell an elementary truth: that the Romanians are doing badly and not as it was said in the party’s propaganda, about life in the “Golden Age”.

They did not know what to do with him, with the young man who did not know how to lie, like everyone else, but in the end an unexpected opportunity arose: someone had forced the door of the garage of the car workshop, where some parts had been stolen. . Security has ruled that Groze is guilty. It didn’t matter that, being a Pentecostal, he couldn’t steal.

Under the action of “preventing hostile demonstrations” and falling under the measures ordered by the party leadership and the Securitate, by which any action against the regime should be punished mainly, where appropriate, by staging a trial for a common law crime, and not politics (there are in the archives of the communist political police several transcripts of the meetings of the leadership of the VI Directorate of Criminal Investigations, in which General Vasile Gheorghe gave such indications to his subordinates), Gheorghe Groze was sent to trial for theft, without evidence and without even to be shown an indictment during the trial that began on May 25, 1979. He was sentenced to one year in the workplace and sent away from home, only four months after graduating from vocational school. During the investigations, at the Bihor Militia, he was not asked about the stolen pieces, but about what was in his head, when he took down Ceausescu’s painting.

But the goal pursued by the conviction of the young Gheorghe Groze was not achieved. Returning home after a year, he started farming in his parents’ yard. The teenager who left the village “to become a man” a few years ago, had returned as a man in all his nature, but on him the “system” had thrown the heavy anathema of the thief. Although his fault was different – that Gheorghe Groze could only tell the truth.

A life like Job

In the village of Corniţel, on the orders of the Securitate, the informants “Liliacul” and “Văzuhul”, whom Groze failed to identify (and neither did the CNSAS, although he was requested) found that he continues with “hostile attitude towards the state” and they reported everything he said and did. As a result, Lieutenant Radu reported “above” to Colonel Traian Sima (the one later convicted of the “Revolution file” in Timisoara “) that Gheorghe Groze” was signaled with manifestations against the regime) and with the intention of fleeing the country ”. Obviously, “re-education at work had not borne fruit, nor the almost weekly appointments at the Militia post in Borod commune, where platoon leader Dan Petru could not” put his mind in his head “.

In the end, the security guard Liviu Radu ordered to be detained by the Militia and brought back to the post, after on February 3, 1983 he had been called to a new “hearing” by himself, who arrived in Borod especially for Groze, who was waiting. in front of the door to be called to the investigation. But, left unguarded in the hall, Groze decided to leave, without waiting to enter the office alone with his neck in the noose. For which, four days later, when he returned to Borod, the security lieutenant Radu sent the militiamen to pick him up from home: “at 6:30, while I was sleeping, they entered the house to arrest me. They trampled on my boots, tore my shirt … I fought them and ran up a hill. They tried to catch me, but one said, “Leave him alone, he has nowhere to go.” They searched, they waited for me for three or four hours to see if I could get cold, and then they left. ”

However, it was Groze who filed a complaint with the Military Prosecutor’s Office regarding the militiamen, who had no mandate for what they had done, apart from orders from the Securitate. But his witnesses suddenly changed their testimony and the military prosecutor found that his complaint was “not confirmed”. In order to put an end to it, they decided to send him to the army. When he presented himself at the Commissariat, “the officer to whom I gave the summons paper said to me:” This is not from us. “The checks proved that I was, in fact, summoned by the Securitate.” However, he was incorporated and, because he refused to carry a weapon, he was sent (along with the “file”, which was following him everywhere), to a military railway construction unit in Brasov. Where the “ceist”, the security guard of the unit, called him in one, trying unsuccessfully to pull his tongue.

Gheorghe Groze already knew the “system”. A system that did not allow him any more jobs, even after completing his military service. Exiled in a kind of “compulsory residence” in the parental yard, permanently under the supervision of the Securitate, he was forced to live without any income, only from what he worked near the house and from the neighbors and from his parents’ small pension. This is how all three remained, until the fall of communism. They lived like Job, terribly poor but honored. He never had a salary income and Gheorghe could never get married. His great pain is that he could not start his own family: who would have taken one in his situation? “And then why should I blame this evil on anyone else?” Gheorghe Groze wonders today.

Shattered hopes at the gates of AJPIPS Bihor

After the fall of communism, Gheorghe Groze hoped that justice would be done to him and that the persecutions he was subjected to would be recognized. But Decree-Law 118 did not provide for compensation for a one-year sentence “at work”, although this was similar to those suffered by the “hooligan workers” in Brasov, who demonstrated in the city on November 15, 1987, and what Groze lived in his native village brings, in the light of his file prepared by the Securitate, more with a “mandatory domicile”.

Gheorghe Groze’s new struggle with the Romanian state and its institutions began, this time under their “democratic” appearance. Years of trials followed, to no avail. In 2008, the current Bihor County Agency for Payers and Social Inspection responded evasively, instead of a positive or negative resolution, which could have been challenged in court, with quotes from Decree-Law 118 on granting certain rights to persons persecuted for political reasons.

A first ray of hope appeared when Groze could see and copy the file to be followed, prepared by the Securitate. But it was not there that she explicitly acknowledged the staging of which she had been the author, and everywhere the petitioner was asked to prove a political conviction, in order to be able to comply with the provisions of Decree-Law 118. Groze with the Romanian state, in order to recognize the truth of his life, his salvation came from the appearance of Law 211/2009, which gave him the opportunity to file an action based on his file to be pursued. A law under which Gheorghe Groze left again, in late search for his truth. He finally won the lawsuit with the Romanian state, which granted him a sum of money as moral compensation for the persecutions he endured. For a lifetime, destroyed. Thrown in the trash of history.

The court ruling shows the abusive nature of the judicial staging, of which Groze fell victim. However, even so, a decade after that sentence, Groze has not found justice. All his attempts to obtain the monthly pension of five hundred lei, for the year of punishment at work suffered, stopped at the doors of AJPIPS Bihor. The agency refuses to implement the court’s decision, clinging to all sorts of subterfuges, that “punishment at work” is not detention, but also ignoring obvious precedents, such as the similar situation of workers in Brasov, revolted in 1987 and convicted ”at work”, following the anti-communist demonstration in which they participated. Its final and apotheotic point was the overthrow of Ceausescu’s painting, on the PCR County Committee. The difference is that Gheorghe Groze revolted and took down Ceausescu’s painting on his own, from the wall of a “Dacia” service workshop …

AJPIPS Bihor treats this victim, not of fate, but of the state, a state that was the one that ruined his fate, like the communist authorities: as a petty “criminal”, in relation to his power, of the state. Practically refusing to take into account a law, based on which a court ruled in favor of Gheorghe Groze by a final decision, which he ignored absurdly and abusively, just as the communists and the Securitate did, she also forgets this Agency, where it seems that there are no people who should ensure “social protection”, that she has a man in front of her. A man with a destroyed destiny, who can still find the justice and truth of his wasted life, in the 12th hour.

But what to do, I saw how even the Turkish minister, the great head of the people of Bihor, behaves when she asks to be looked into the eyes, to read the truth there – which is in fact a lie with nothing inferior to communist propaganda and a disregard for fellow human beings, similar to what the Securitate once showed.

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