If never before, then today we have certainly wondered when we will have biofuel that will replace coal, oil or natural gas. The answer is that we already have it, it’s just a question of why we don’t use it. It’s miscanthus.
The first rhizomes for the establishment of plantations of this plant, also known as reeds, were imported by Jovan Šamatić from Šabac from Austria, and today he has a plantation of seven hectares. The initial investment is a little higher, but the benefits are manifold.
The energy value is 18 KJ, it’s like burning a willow tree, because it is also woody. However, the advantage is because it is renewable and 20 new tons of products sprout every 20 years – explains Jovan Šamatić.
Practical and useful
And not only is it an energy plant, but it also has a number of other advantages, starting with production that is simple, like growing corn, it does not require first-class land or large investments.
– The first priority is to be a renewable type of energy, then it releases less ash from coal, releases much less carbon dioxide and thus protects the environment – says Jovan and adds that it improves the quality of contaminated soil.
A pioneering endeavor
Some miscanthus is used for making OSB boards, abroad it is used for steering wheels and instrument panels in cars, while in our country it is only at the level of a pioneering endeavor as an energy source. John was based on the seedling, believing in its future.
– Propagated by roots. The tree of the plant is sterile. We have seven acres under miscanthus. One such rhizome is planted on one square meter, which grows in the ground and after three or four years creates 100 to 150 rhizomes, which means that up to 150 times more income than one plant – the story.
A smart investment
In the third year, it reaches a full yield of 20 tons per hectare and remains on the plot for the next two decades, bearing fruit. It is mowed in the spring and brings income immediately.
– When sold as baled, six to seven thousand dinars are realized per ton. As for planting, one rhizome costs eighteen dinars. About 10,000 rhizomes are needed per hectare. It is a slightly bigger investment at the start, but there is no investment for the next twenty years. It does not require fertilization, watering and fertilization, but only requires mowing and baling for the next 20-25 years, and that is pure income – the story.
However, known as distrustful of newspapers, there are still not many areas under miscanthus in Serbia, but the growing need for biofuels as a substitute for fossil energy sources will make many think about it.
E2 portal (Flash)
Source: E2 Portal by www.e2.rs.
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