The Norwegian carbon dioxide hotel is fully booked following an agreement with Yara

The fertilizer manufacturer Yara will store 800,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year in the Norwegian CCS plant Northern Lights. The first phase of the facility is thus fully booked.

In Norway, Northern Lights, the facility that will store carbon dioxide under the seabed in the North Sea about 11 miles west of Bergen, is currently being prepared. From a receiving port outside Bergen, the carbon dioxide is to be temporarily stored and pumped down 2,600 meters below the seabed via pipelines.

Now Northern Lights has signed the first commercial agreement to store carbon dioxide. On Monday, ammonia and fertilizer maker Yara announced that it has bought the transport and storage of 800,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year. The carbon dioxide comes from Yara Sluiskil, a factory in the Netherlands. According to Yara, the agreement is the first in the world which means that carbon dioxide captured in one country must be stored in another.


– This is groundbreaking for removing carbon dioxide emissions from Europe’s heavy industry and opens up the market for transporting and storing carbon dioxide between countries, writes Yara in a press release.

The carbon dioxide is captured, compressed and liquefied in the Netherlands. Northern Lights then transports it to Norway and pumps it into the bedrock. Transports will start at the beginning of 2025.

Last year, the whole of Yara caused direct greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1) corresponding to 16.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents. If the indirect emissions (scope 2 and 3) are also included, the emissions amounted to 75.4 million tonnes, according to the company’s sustainability report for 2021.

The agreement means that the first phase of Northern Lights, with the capacity to store 1.5 million tons of carbon dioxide per year, is fully subscribed.

– This is a historic day, said Norway’s oil and energy minister Terje Aasland at a press conference on Monday, according to TU.

Northern Lights and Longships

Northern Lights is owned by the oil companies Equinor, Shell and Total Energies. It is the transport and storage part of a larger project called Langskip, which is 80 percent financed by the Norwegian state. For example, Langskip also includes capturing the carbon dioxide itself at the emission source, as well as developing a business model for how the entire CCS (carbon capture and storage) system should work.

The remaining storage capacity of a total of 1.5 million tons per year is booked by the cement factory Norcem in Brevik and the waste facility Klemetsrud in Oslo. However, these two actors are already part of Langskip, which is why the agreements are not commercial in the same way as in the case of Yara.

Northern Lights is already planning for an increase in storage capacity to 5-6 million tons per year, but the investment decision has not yet been made, according to TU.

Here you can read more about how carbon dioxide storage is supposed to work.

Source: Nyteknik – Senaste nytt by

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