The most popular apple varieties in Poland – which one to choose?

In Poland, there are over 60 varieties of home apple trees. Their fruits differ in appearance, taste, aroma and purpose. Here is an overview of the most popular apple varieties in Poland.

Apples ripen, depending on the variety, from mid-July until late autumn. These fruits are characterized by excellent storage properties. Thanks to this, they retain the highest taste and nutritional values ​​even until the next harvest. That is why we can enjoy the availability of delicious, fresh and varied varieties all year round.

Sour varieties are suitable for preserves – compotes, jams, preserves. However, we most often use sweet and sour specimens as an addition to meat. They also perfectly complement the taste of vegetable salads and salads. Brittle and juicy apples are best eaten raw.


Antonówka is a tasty variety of apples that came to Poland from Russia. It is described as a yellow apple due to its characteristic color of the skin. It is characterized by a crumbly flesh and a sour taste. It is perfect for making homemade preserves, e.g. juices, jams, preserves, as well as in various types of cakes and desserts. Antonovka fruit ripen at the beginning of September, and the apple tree is highly resistant to frost. It can be successfully grown in a home garden. Antonówka belongs to the autumn apple varieties.


Cortland is an American apple variety that has been very popular in Poland since the 1970s. The smaller fruits are spherical-barrel-shaped, the larger ones are flattened, but all are symmetrical. The skin of Cortlands is strong, smooth, oily, covered in more than half of a carmine, slightly streaked blush. The flesh is white, with a sweet and wine taste, slightly spicy, crispy, and it does not darken when cut. They are very juicy and suitable for the production of juices. These apples can also be used as an addition to meats and salads. The Cortland variety has been used to grow many popular apple varieties. The variety obtained in Poland is Delikates.

cortlands, apples


Gala is a variety of apples from New Zealand, it came to Poland only in the 90s. The fruit of this apple variety is sweet and tender. Usually they are small to medium size. They mature at the end of September and can be stored until December. The flesh is creamy, sweet, tender, juicy and tasty. Fruits have one visible disadvantage, it is a tendency to crack at the stalk, this is when ripe fruit hangs too long on trees, or during heavy rains. Such fruits are not suitable for storage.

apples, gala


Gloster is a German variety. It came to Poland in the late 1970s and quickly gained recognition as a dessert variety. These apples are harvested in early October. They are large with a conical shape. Their skin is dark red, smooth and shiny, and the flesh is green-yellow. Gloster apples are juicy, crunchy, with a sweet and sour taste and a subtle aroma. They can be eaten raw. They are also suitable for fruit salads, cakes and even as filling for meats.

apples, gloster

Golden Delicious

This type of apples came to us from the United States. Under Polish conditions, it reaches maturity in mid-October, and consumption maturity in December. They are juicy, sweet and aromatic apples. Their skin is smooth, green and yellow. They are distinguished by crispy and slightly creamy flesh. They are juicy, crispy, wine-sweet, aromatic, and generally considered very tasty. In addition to eating raw, they are perfect dessert apples in various types of preserves and compotes.

apples, golden delicious

Granny Smith

Granny Smith is an Australian apple variety, selected on the Maria-Ann Smith farm near Sydney in 1868, where it grew as a random seedling from free pollination. Granny Smith apples have an intense green color. The skin is smooth, greasy and shiny. The flesh is greenish-white, juicy and firm with an intense aroma, and sweet and sour taste. Due to its taste, the fruit is suitable for cooking and baking, as well as for eating raw. They are recommended for salads because they do not turn brown as quickly as other varieties of apples. They are also harder than others. Interesting facts: the Granny Smith apple was the logo of Apple Records, a music label founded by members of The Beatles.

green apples, granny smith


Idared is a variety of apples originating in the USA. Brought to Poland in 1952. Currently, it is one of the most popular varieties in commercial orchards in Poland, because it is easy to grow and store, and the trees bear a lot of fruit. Idared has medium-sized, spherical fruit, slightly flattened at the stalk and calyx. The flesh in the fruit is white, with a slight cream shade, fine-grained, juicy, firm with a slightly sour taste, tasty if harvested in the correct period and well stored. It is well suited for juices and cakes. Moreover, it is one of the main varieties exported to Eastern Europe.

Source: Strona główna by

*The article has been translated based on the content of Strona główna by If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!

*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.

*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!