The mirage of the third degree

THEME OF THE DAY
Prisons. This week, the treatment boards of Catalan prisons have proposed that the nine pro-independence prisoners be transferred to the third degree of penitentiary, a decision that would allow them to only have to sleep in prison during the week. The decision means personal relief for the prisoners and their families, who are the ones paying the highest price for an unfair and disproportionate sentence. Anything that reduces the personal suffering of the prisoners is good news. But in the political sphere, the request of the third degree is the realization of the weakness of independence, because it does not imply any progress in the political solution, but to continue to abide by the Spanish penitentiary legislation.

In the short term, this third degree hangs by a thread. The Spanish prosecution can appeal against the decision, and the last judicial ruling that would have to rule would be the trial court, ie the Spanish Supreme Court and, specifically, the president of its criminal chamber, Manuel Marchena. You don’t have to be a legal expert to predict what the response of the judge who sent them to jail will be. A criminal system that makes the third degree dependent on the trial court and, in particular, on the sentencing judge is deeply perverse and unfair. That it is unfair is nothing new, because the Spanish justice system has become the spearhead of the repression against independence, what is naive is to trust that Marchena will stop his persecution and suddenly become an impartial judge. and benevolent. The third degree is not a prize, it is a right that prisoners have, but Marchena is the same.

Beyond the immediate difficulties, the third-degree petition is the finding of the inability to reach a political solution for the prisoners. The only admissible solution is amnesty, because it is the one that exonerates them from crimes they have not committed, restores their freedom but also repairs them morally and politically. An attempt was made to carry out the 1977 amnesty with democratic political prisoners, although at that time Catalan and Basque independence activists were excluded. Technically, amnesty is an organic law approved by the Spanish Congress and today there is no majority to approve it, because not even the PSOE has been willing to accept it. On this issue, the PSOE, Citizens, the PP and Vox agree, and we should see what Podemos would do. If the Spanish government wanted to resolve the conflict Catalan, says Pedro Sanchez, the amnesty should be a necessary starting point, because while there are political prisoners conflict. Nor have the pro-independence parties made any constant flags in the congress, conditioning any agreement on its concession.

The Minister of Justice, Esther Capella, has asked the Supreme Court to apply the rule of law and not the reason of state and allow the third degree to pro-independence prisoners. A request that honors him, but it will hardly be made, because precisely the Spanish justice system has put the reason of state above the rule of law since the beginning of the repression against the process and no symptoms of change are detected . Rather the opposite. The Supreme Court has become an express disqualification machinery and it has only taken a week since Congress approved the plea against Laura Borràs to announce that she will have to testify on July 21st. The speed of the Supreme Court confirms that the case against Borràs has a clear political motivation.

This haste of the Supreme Court contrasts with the slowness of the Spanish Constitutional Court, which does not intend to rule on the appeals of prisoners until next year, to thus delay the path to the European Court of Human Rights. The Constitutional Court has alleged that the confinement caused by the coronavirus crisis has delayed its work, a problem that the Supreme Court has not had, perhaps because judges are immune to any virus when it comes to disqualifying leaders. pro-independence.

MORE QUESTIONS
Commitment agrees again with Sanchez the date
dthe new funding. Commitment has again agreed with Pedro Sánchez a date to present the new funding system, as he did in the investiture debate in exchange for his support. This time, the opinion of the reconstruction commission that is being developed in the Spanish Congress will include the commitment for the Spanish government to present the proposal to reform the regional funding before the end of the year. This promise, which is included thanks to an amendment that has incorporated Commitment in the conclusions, will allow the announcement made by the Minister of Finance to materialize, Maria Jesus Montero, and later ratified by Pedro Sánchez, to present in November the first draft of the new financing model. The spokesman for Commitment in the Spanish Congress, Joan Baldoví, has announced that it will vote in favor of three of the four documents of the reconstruction commission once the Spanish executive has accepted an amendment from the coalition to address the reform of regional funding before the end of this year. Baldoví explained that the amendment that the coalition has managed to introduce in the opinion means a firm commitment that, before 2021, there must be a new proposal for a financing system because ‘the effects of the coalition cannot be fought. crisis without the regional governments having the necessary resources to address them ‘.

The government of the Islands celebrates 50% bonuses for tourism companies. The Minister of Economic Model, Tourism and Work, Iago Negueruela, has appeared to report on the agreements of the Social Dialogue Table in which the measures relating to discontinuous permanent workers have been agreed. The Minister has announced that tourism companies with discontinuous fixed that open this tourist season will have a bonus of 50% of Social Security contributions in July, August, September and October. The decree law for discontinuous workers has been approved today by the Spanish government. In the central months of the season there will be practically a total exemption from Social Security contributions. For the councilor, it is a direct bonus that should encourage activation of the sector during the high season months. The meeting was attended by the president of the Confederation of Business Associations of the Balearics (CAEB), Carmen Planas; the president of the Federation of small and medium-sized enterprises (Pimem), Jordi Mora; and the general secretaries of UGT, Alejandro Texías, i de CCOO, José Luis García.

Official relief a the mayor of Perpignan. After the second round of the municipal elections last Sunday, today the official relief ceremony was held in the town hall of Perpignan. The far-right candidate, Louis Aillot, has taken office as mayor, before Jean Marc Pujol, who lost the election and has announced that he will retire from politics. The event was not held at the market in Perpignan, as is traditional, but at the headquarters of the metropolitan area, for health reasons. The coronavirus crisis has also forced the session to be held behind closed doors, without the public, respecting the social distance between elected officials.

THE FIGURE
4,232 meals at home and 2,613 kilos of food have been distributed by the Red Cross to Andorran families during the months of the covid-19 health emergency, according to the balance of actions made public by the entity.

SUCH A DAY AS TODAY
On July 3, 2006 at 13:03 a convoy of line 1 of the Valencia metro derailed in a bend 50 meters from the station of Jesus and caused the death of 43 people and left 47 injured . Four people were convicted of the accident in several subsequent trials.