In response to the Russian war in Ukraine that began in February 2022, the Ministry of Defense began to implement a plan to introduce the SSS in Latvia.
It is planned that all men who are citizens of Latvia will be required to serve. Women can also volunteer to serve in the army. A citizen will be able to participate in the SSS from the moment they reach the age of 18.
The Ministry of Defense plans to develop four forms of implementation of the SSS – service in the National Armed Forces (NAF), service in the Zemessardze, training in special military training for university students and the state civil service.
The SGO is planned to be created on January 1, 2023, while the first draft will be staffed exclusively from volunteer citizens, but from the second half of 2023, citizens will be called up on a mandatory basis.
The Ministry of Defense stressed that it is necessary to provide mechanisms for preventing the possibility of evading military service.
“It should be ensured that the obligation to serve is the same for all citizens, and not just for those who did not know or could not find a way to evade the CPS“, the department said.
The ministry proposes to amend the law “On military disciplinary responsibility” by changing the norms on the types of disciplinary punishments that can be applied to soldiers of the SGO. The Agency provides for the limitation of types of disciplinary punishments, thereby preventing the commission of intentional disciplinary violations that would lead to receiving such a punishment, allowing you to leave the service.
As the Ministry of Defense notes, some of the disciplinary punishments that apply to military personnel are not suitable for soldiers of the SGO, therefore, with the introduction of amendments to the first part of the 14th article of the law “On military disciplinary responsibility”, such punishments as:
- a warning about unsuitability for the position held – for the composition of soldiers, instructors and officers;
- a reduction in the monthly salary of up to 20% for a period not exceeding six months for soldiers, instructors and officers;
- demotion – for soldiers, instructors and officers;
- in peacetime – early dismissal from active service – for soldiers, instructors and officers, does not apply to soldiers of the SGO.
It is also proposed to amend the first part of the 26th article of the law, which provides for the term for the abolition of a disciplinary sanction for a professional service soldier, but in the future, the application of legal norms to the SGS military personnel and professional service soldiers should be differentiated.
The bill has yet to be considered by the Cabinet of Ministers, and the final decision on it must be made by the Seimas.
As previously reported, young people aged 18 to 27 will be drafted into the army.
SSS includes three different types of military service – service in the units of the National Armed Forces (NAF), in the Home Guard, special military training for university students, and alternative service.
It is planned that eligible recruits will be able to select the NAF unit that best suits their abilities and interests.
It is envisaged that in 2028 up to 6,000 soldiers can be simultaneously called up to serve in the NAF units. In addition, up to 1,200 soldiers will serve in the Home Guard and up to 300 will undergo special military training for university students. Citizens who cannot serve according to their worldview or religious beliefs will be able to replace it with an alternative service.
The Ministry of Defense plans to conduct two calls per year.
There are three categories of persons who are not subject to conscription. Firstly, these are those who are not allowed to serve in the army due to their state of health and the presence of a criminal record. Secondly, these are people with dual citizenship who served abroad, and thirdly, graduates of the V.I. Colonel Kalpaks.
The call may also be postponed in cases where the young person is still receiving a secondary or secondary vocational education, but such a delay will only be valid until the age of 24.
For reasons related to education, career plans and family circumstances, a citizen can apply to postpone the call to a later time, but no later than 26 years. Such reasons may be studying at a university, a specific professional activity, etc.
The service life will be 11 months. The soldier will be provided with accommodation in the barracks, and in the field – in a tent. Each serviceman will receive per diems or their compensation, uniforms and necessary equipment.
The military personnel will receive monthly compensation of 300 euros, and after the end of the service – a severance pay, presumably in the amount of 1,100 euros. These amounts may be revised depending on the economic situation in the country.
Women will not be drafted into the army, they will be able to serve on a voluntary basis.
Source: GOROD.LV – новости Даугавпилса by gorod.lv.
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