Due to the crisis in the energy market, nuclear power is back in the spotlight because countries around the world want to use renewable energy sources as much as possible.
Nuclear power plant (Photo: Pixabay)
After the disaster at the nuclear power plant in Japan’s Fukushima in 2011, there was a decade of reducing or suspending the operation of nuclear power plants in the world. However, the recent pressure to switch to clean energy sources and the crisis in Europe are reviving the industry in several large countries that are building new reactors, while others are restarting or expanding old ones, Biznis.rs reports.
According to data from the World Nuclear Association, as of July of this year the leading country in terms of nuclear capacity under construction is Chinaand 59 new reactors are under construction all over the planet.
In this moment China is building as many as 21 new nuclear reactors, including the first modular reactor for commercial use, which was also mentioned in Serbia as one of the options in recent years. The total capacity of China’s new reactors will be 23,511 megawatts (MW).
India is in second place with eight new reactors, while the Turks are in third place with four. South Korea follows with three, as many as Russia is building. However, the two new British reactors will have a higher total installed capacity than the three Russian ones.
The Americans, Saudis and Japanese are also building two new nuclear reactors each.
There are about 440 nuclear reactors in the world and they produce approximately 10 percent of the total electricity consumed. Their capacity is around 390GW and they are located in 32 countries.
The most of them are in the United States of America, as many as 93, with a total capacity of 95,523MW. The French are in second place with 56 reactors with a combined capacity of 61,370MW. It is followed by China with 53 reactors, Russia with 37 and Japan with 33, but only three reactors are operational in this country since the incident in Fukushima, according to Biznis.rs.
American reactors produce more than 30 percent of the world’s nuclear energy, more than any other nation. In France, nuclear power plants are the main source of energye, making up 70 percent of the national annual electricity production.
The number of reactors in China jumped from 13 in 2010 to 53 last year, accompanied by a roughly fivefold increase in nuclear production capacity. With 21 reactors under construction, China is set to expand its nuclear capacity by more than 40 percent before 2030, including building the world’s first commercial small modular reactor (SMR), which will have the capacity to power more than 500,000 homes annually. , writes the World Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as reported by Visual Capitalist.
India is building eight reactors that will almost double its production capacity. While all reactors today are fueled by uranium, India has an ambitious plan to develop a thorium-fueled reactor to exploit its vast resources of thorium, a non-fissile radioactive material with the potential to be used as nuclear fuel.
Source: Gradjevinarstvo.rs – VESTI by www.gradjevinarstvo.rs.
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