Currently, cloud services are highly centralized, which makes them easy to develop and deploy to a select data center. If moving to a larger cloud model has its challenges, since replicating services across multiple data centers, ensuring data is synchronized, and evenly distributing the load while maintaining a global, real-time view of that data can be costly and operationally complex, it is also true that it offers multiple advantages. By 2025, according to Gartner, most cloud platforms will provide at least some distributed cloud services directly at the edge. According to Akamai Technologies, the distributed cloud represents the future of cloud computing, providing the Cloud Edge and many other new use cases.
Akamai has been running services at the edge for over 20 years, including cloud and enterprise security. The company is itself a massive, distributed cloud platform, present in over 135 countries and 4,000 locations, embedded in thousands of networks around the world and handling a substantial percentage of global traffic. This means that it is positioned as close as possible to all Internet users and data centers in the world so that end users can benefit from fast, reliable and secure business applications no matter where they are.
The benefits of cloud distributed at the edge
For starters, migrating to a distributed cloud model enables edge computing to free centralized cloud services from the numerous IoT demands, thereby improving performance and reliability. These are not just theoretical benefits: data analysis can create real improvements in urban traffic management and public transport systems, where speed, performance and reliability are key, and a distributed model is simply essential to make these applications complex. a reality.
Richard Meeus, Director of Security Technology and Strategy EMEA di Akamai, said, “At Akamai, we see edge computing as the next natural paradigm shift in IT, including in distributed cloud services, which usher in a new wave of decentralization. In the last decade, IT has gone through two seemingly juxtaposed changes: on the one hand, the centralization and consolidation of infrastructure in cloud data centers (private, public or hybrid), and on the other hand, in reference to end users, we have witnessed to an explosion of both diversity and local distribution of client devices, driven by high-capacity mobile devices and widely available wireless networks. This has created a number of challenges that edge computing can address in a way that the cloud or traditional data centers cannot. “
The distances between a small number of large centralized data centers located at the core of the internet and billions of mobile end users distributed around the world are too wide to allow for adequate performance – whether it’s supporting applications where reducing latency is key , or simply to enable a highly personalized and responsive user experience for all end users.
One of the key drivers that initially pushed to consolidate more and more services and features on the cloud was cost reduction, yet the necessary interactions between end users and the cloud led to massive network round-tripping and cost inflation. of traffic, storage and computing on the cloud itself.
Edge computing offers significant potential for addressing these problems. By pushing the boundaries of applications, data and services away from centralized nodes to the edge of the network, edge computing brings data, applications, insights and decision making closer to users and the “things” that affect them. . This places control and trust at the edge by enabling new and personalized applications and experiences and minimizing the transfer of personal data. Additionally, round-tripping, storage and cloud computing requirements are minimized, as are associated costs.
Of course, adopting a multi-cloud model has cybersecurity implications that need to be considered. “Over the past 18 months, there has been a massive increase in cyber attacks of all kinds and companies adopting a multi-cloud approach are often more at risk due to the growing complexity of standardizing security policies across their infrastructure. “, he added Meeus. “Maintaining a consistent security posture across all cloud and on-premise environments is of the utmost importance for companies seeking to make the most of distributed cloud models.”
Source: RSS DiariodelWeb.it Innovazione by www.diariodelweb.it.
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