The flag of freedom! – News online

Hadži Marko Vujičić

In the poll of one of the American portals, Ranker, in which more than 1.4 million people around the world have participated so far, the Serbian tricolor is on the ranking list of the 50 most beautiful – for three years in the first place!

Voting is done electronically, and in the top ten are the flags of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Montenegro, but also the former SFRY, Argentina, Wales…

In the topic of the issue, “Vesti”, with the help of eminent heralds, but also experts in Serbian history, investigates when the tradition of the national flag dates back, when it was adopted to be red, blue, white, whether it is intentionally or accidentally “turned” Russian flag. but also what all those ornaments on the coat of arms mean – a double-headed eagle.

“People believe that the red color on the flag of Serbia represents blood shed for the country, blue freedom and infinity to which one aspires, while white represents mother’s milk that feeds strong Serbian children,” the Serbian government’s website states.

Ljubodrag Grujic, herald and author of state symbols of the Republic of Serbia, flags and coats of arms, says that Serbia, like the vast majority of other European countries, adopted the use of flags in today’s sense only a few centuries ago.

– Officially unchangeable, state flags are a relatively new thing in history, most often only two or three centuries ago, and even so, in combination with others, they changed regularly during unification. For example, the German tricolor was adopted as the flag of the North German Confederation in 1867, which makes it officially younger than the Serbian tricolor, although of course its use is older, most likely during the 1848 revolution. that in the Middle Ages, instead of flags in the modern sense of the word, states actually had the banners of rulers, the banners of the Crusaders and many other battle and church flags in abundance.

Deacon Hadži Nenad M. Jovanović, herald, author of the monograph “Coats of arms, flags and anthems in the history of Serbia”, adds that the story of the origin of the Serbian flag dates back to, for many, unimaginable antiquity.

– Namely, it is justified to assume that Serbian rulers, even in the pre-Monastic period, inherited and used their own stegs or other vexilloids. However, it is certain and well known that the first mention of such a flag in historical sources is from 1078. Namely, it is about the “flag of St. Peter”, which was sought and received by the first Serbian crowned king, i.e. Zeta king Mihailo Vojislavljević, from the then Roman Pope Gregory VII. Today it is not known what the flag looked like, but it is known that, together with the royal crown and cloak, it was part of the royal insignia and, therefore, one of the earliest symbols of Serbian statehood, as is the case today. – points out Deacon Hadži Nenad M. Jovanović.

Vision of Prince Milos

Deacon Hadzi Nenad Jovanovic points out that the current order of colors on the Serbian tricolor dates back to the middle of the 19th century.

– The arrangement of colors on the flag: red-blue-white, was officially and constitutionally established, thanks to the great commitment, persistence and vision of Prince Miloš Obrenović only in 1838, with a special Sultan’s Ferman.

Ljubodrag Grujić adds that in a short period of less than two months, since the Constitution of Sretenje in 1835, the Serbian tricolor was red-white-blue (“red-white-steel-extinguished”) with the coat of arms in the middle.

– Prince Milos made a decree from the Porte that gives the tricolor in today’s schedule, most likely as early as 1836. Symbols of subordination to the Ottoman Empire were added – this expert states.

An inexhaustible treasury

– The Serbian Middle Ages are an inexhaustible treasure trove of heraldry that we have not yet fully discovered. Whoever has the coat of arms immediately has a clamp on which the content of the coat of arms is. It would be a catastrophic mistake to think that there was one codified state flag in the Middle Ages. There were disciplines of rulers, and since we had many rulers, there were also many disciplines – Ljubodrag Grujić explains vividly.

Source: Vesti online by

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