The first of January, as the beginning of the year, is again celebrated only 400 years – Earth – Science and Technology

The beginning of the new annual cycle has changed several times in history and is still not completely uniform in the world, today the most widespread January 1 was introduced in ancient Rome and the Catholic Church returned to it after the introduction of the Gregorian calendar.

He was appointed by Pope Gregor XIII. with its bull already in 1582, but the official beginning of the new year was set by the papacy on the first day of January only from 1622 under Gregory XV. Most Catholic countries accepted the date immediately, but other states held for decades on March 25, the Feast of the Annunciation – and Orthodox Russia was needed until 1918.

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While the current most widespread calendar in the world is based on the time of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun, the older ones were mostly based on observing the phases of the Moon. However, the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year, so its beginnings gradually passed through all seasons. Somewhere they started to drive a sunny year, others combine both systems. The old Roman calendar (reformed in 45 BC by Julius Caesar) originally counted the new year from March 1, in 153 BC it moved to January 1. When the Christian church adopted this calendar, it designated the feast of the Three Kings as the entry into the new year on January 6.

After further shifts of this date on various days of December, January, March and November, March 25 finally took hold in the Christian sphere, when, according to the tradition of the Virgin Mary, the Archangel Gabriel appeared and told her that she would conceive and that the Son of God would be born to her.

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The date of January 1 was set by the creator of the Gregorian calendar still used, Pope Gregor XIII, in 1582. The year dates from the alleged birth of Jesus Christ. Today, most countries around the world take the first day of January as the beginning of the year, but China celebrates the New Year between January 21 and February 20 in the wake of the winter solstice. which can be roughly from early September to early October.


Source: Pravda – Veda a technika by vat.pravda.sk.

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