On this day, September 29, 1829, the “first modern” police unit in the world, namely the Metropolitan Police in London, was established by a special law. The so-called “bobbys” with their characteristic cylinders, armed only with a baton and a whistle, are still a trademark of the United Kingdom today, having become the standard throughout the territory of the former empire.

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The idea behind the project is one of the most prominent politicians of the Victorian era Sir Robert Peelthen Minister of the Interior and a devoted reader of philosophy Jeremya Benthama. The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 created the modern police by limiting the force and its powers and envisaging it as an organ of the justice system, the profession says.

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Her job is said to be apolitical: to maintain law and order and hunt down criminals so that the courts can deal with them in accordance with the law. And after only a few hours of operation, a poor man, caught drunk at work, ended up in a cell. The practice was quite different from the “continental model” developed in France, where the police functioned only as an extension of the absolutist state or monarch.