How many Romanians know that the first car produced in our country was neither a Dacia model nor an ARO, but… Malaxa 1C?
The Romanian car industry is practically confused with Dacia, a very successful brand even now both in the country and abroad. The first car arrived in the Mioritic lands near the end of the 19th century. It happened in 1889, when a baron of Aromanian origin, Barbu Bellu, brought to Bucharest a motor vehicle, which looked like a carriage. That car had been built by the French Armand Peugeot and Leon Serpollet.
30 hp 3-cylinder engine
However, more than half a century had to pass before the Romanians would build their first car. Thus, in 1945, immediately after the end of the Second World War, a group of engineers and technicians from the Malaxa factories in Resita, led by engineer Petre Carp, assembled what would become the first 100% Romanian vehicle: Malaxa 1C .
That car, which was also worked on by technicians from IAR Braşov, the first aircraft factory in our country, was named after the engineer Nicolae Malaxa (1884-1965), a well-known entrepreneur from the interwar period.
The car had a three-cylinder engine with forced air cooling, which was capable of producing a maximum power of 30 horsepower, according to weather measurements.
The engine formed a unitary unit with the differential and the gearbox, he writes Wikipedia.org. The engine weight was 80 kg, while the differential-gearbox assembly weighed 150 kg. With these resources, the Malaxa 1C could reach a top speed of 120 km / h and consume 10 liters of gasoline for every 100 kilometers traveled.
The Malaxa plant has been moved to Russia
The engine was cooled by a space between the ceiling and the roof, specially left in order to channel the necessary air. The air was captured from the front, above the windshield, and was directed through the double-walled roof by a fan that absorbed it, directing part of it over the cylinders and the rest to the carburetor.
The Malaxa 1C model was produced for two years, during which time about 200 units came out on the factory gate. Due to the very difficult economic conditions of that time, production was stopped.
After the arrival of the Soviets in power, the Malaxa plant in Resita was moved to Podgorie, in the Urals, at the request of General Leonid Brezhnev. The Soviet leader would have been pleasantly impressed by the car’s capabilities after making a Bucharest-Sofia trip aboard a Malaxa 1C. In fact, there are rumors that a Malaxa 1C model was part of Brezhnev’s collection. Since 1988, this collection has become part of the Russian national heritage.
Source: Promotor by www.promotor.ro.
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