The Carpathian Basin can face drought and a plethora of heat alarms


“We can get away with an hourly wage of about 1 forint if we entrust the physical work to a machine driven by an oil derivative instead of a man,” Judit Bartholy said at a lecture at the Hungarian Science Festival. The climate researcher has unveiled a largely unanimous message to the world’s scientific community today: we do not have time for hesitation, for compromise solutions, for immediate, dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide and methane, if we want to know about our planet in a few decades.

Particular emphasis was placed on methane, one of the major sources of which is large-scale animal husbandry. Although the amount of hydrocarbon produced is much lower than that of carbon dioxide, it has a much stronger greenhouse effect, so everyday consumption of meat, especially beef, makes a surprisingly large contribution to climate change, the rapporteur said.

As the researcher said, emission reductions are needed in all economic and industrial sectors, we need to completely change the way consumers live in the world today, and in addition to reducing emissions, we also need to find a technological way to start removing large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. And there’s not much time for that, and the later it starts, the more painful decisions have to be made.

Climate models all suggest that above a global average temperature rise of 2 ° C, the Earth’s climate will change irreversibly, and processes will be set in motion that will push the climate even further – filling natural carbon sinks (such as the oceans). capacity, methane bound to the atmosphere by warming in the ice of the permafrost or just deep in the waters.

And to stay below the 1.5 ° C temperature rise that is still considered tolerable, global carbon emissions must fall to zero by 2040, two decades ago – a steady rise so far.

According to model calculations, the area of ​​the Carpathian Basin is particularly exposed to extremes, so in the summer, for example, we will be forced to tolerate much more warming – or rather warming – than the global average temperature increase, so much so that by the end of the century, the frequency of heat alarms of varying degrees could increase up to tenfold. In addition, the precipitation distribution becomes more extreme: we may have even wetter winters and even drier summers.

Speaking about the impending climate catastrophe and the ecological catastrophe before our eyes, Eörs Szathmáry, Chairman of the Committee on Sustainable Development of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, also emphasized that our current way of life .

Cover image source: Shutterstock


Source: Portfolio.hu – Gazdaság by www.portfolio.hu.

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