The budgets of the Generalitat, in six points

BarcelonaThe Government has presented this Tuesday the budgets for 2022, accounts that the Minister of Economy, Jaume Giró, has described as “one of the best” in the history of the Generalitat. The bills will now begin the parliamentary process that must lead them to approval before the end of the year, so they may experience changes depending on how the negotiation progresses.

Despite this, the accounts presented by Giró in the chamber are the most expansive in revenue and expenditure. These are the main points:

More spending

The expenditure planned for 2022 is the highest in the history of the Generalitat, with 38,139 million euros. Expenditure is understood as what the departments of the Generalitat spend on carrying out their functions, but does not take into account investments. Taking the Department of Education as an example, spending includes everything schools spend on materials, teachers ’salaries and staff, and expenses such as electricity and water. However, if the government decides to build a new school or expand an existing school, the money it will spend would not be an expense, but an investment.

In total, therefore, spending is up by 5,618 million euros compared to the 2020 accounts, which were already the largest in history because they exceeded those of 2010, the last before the cuts due to the crisis. Of this figure, 5,022 million will be additional expenditure for the departments of the Generalitat, while the rest will go to other government agencies.

Health takes away the big chunk of the cake

Of this 5,022 million increase in government spending, 29% is taken by the Department of Health. This means that, between the increase planned by the Generalitat and the arrival of European funds, the Ministry will have a budget of 11,171 million, 15% higher, ie 1,456 million euros more than in 2020 .

The increase includes a special fund to cover the extra health care expense resulting from the pandemic. Between 2020 and 2021 the State has transferred more than 3 billion to the Generalitat as extraordinary income from the so-called covid fund, but the Spanish government informed the communities that next year they will no longer be able to receive these transfers, so Giró has chosen to set aside 500 million euros for possible contingencies, although he has been optimistic that the executive of Pedro Sánchez will end up reconsidering the decision and keep the aid to the communities.

Education and Social Rights, the other beneficiaries

The Department of Education is, apart from Health, the only one that obtains a budget increase of more than 1 billion euros – specifically, 1,009 -, while the Department of Social Rights remains close, with 905 million more than in 2020. In total, these two ministries increase the budget by 17.8% and 30.5%, respectively. Education will spend 6,681 million and Social Rights 3,869 million.

Social housing: far from the demands of the CUP

By policies, one of the demands of the CUP was that the housing reached 1 billion, but Giró himself has considered the figure unattainable in the current situation and the accounts presented by the Government leave the total of housing items in 770 million euros. However, the budget raises them by 410 million, more than double that in 2020.

Beyond spending, housing takes 529 million in investment, 14.1% of the total planned in the accounts, the second largest item only surpassed by 585 million in investment in health.

European funds, the basis of budget expansion

The Government expects to receive 2,142 million euros from the Next Generation funds of the European Union. Of these, 614 correspond to REACT funds, which the Generalitat receives directly from community institutions, while 1,528 million are from the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism (MRR), which is managed by the Spanish government and transferred as a flight to the autonomous communities. This injection of money from Brussels represents almost half of the increase in spending, of 5.618 billion, compared to the 2020 accounts.

The department most favored by Next Generation will be Social Rights, with an extra 633 million euros. It will be followed by the Ministries of Education, with 405 million; Health, with 319 million; Digital Policies and Territory, with 299 million; Business and Work, with 200 million, and Climate Action, with 149 million. The rest of the funds will be distributed between the University, Equality and Culture.

More staff, especially in Health and Education

The Generalitat plans to hire 28,882 more workers in 2022, an increase of 11.6% over the 2020 workforce, with both permanent and temporary staff. Thus, the Catalan public sector will reach 276,000 workers. Of these, Salud took the main increase, with 17,663 contracts.

According to the Government, some 7,351 new jobs are temporary, of which about 4,500 will be teaching positions in the education system. In addition, among the new hired workers are also the approximately 2,000 employees of the Hospital Sant Joan de Reus, which has joined the network of publicly owned hospitals.

Source: – Portada by

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