The “Black” plague was brought to Europe from Kyrgyzstan in the Middle Ages, scientists – Man – Science and technology

The bubonic plague, which killed a large part of the European population in the Middle Ages, came from Kyrgyzstan, not China, as was previously claimed.

This is according to a new study published by the journal Nature. A group of scientists from universities in Germany and Britain analyzed 14th-century graves in the former Soviet republic and found traces of Yersinia pestis infection, which causes bubonic plague. Archaeologists and researchers from the universities of Stirling and Tübingen and the Max Planck Institute in Leipzig analyzed seven graves in a 14th-century cemetery on Lake Issyk-kuľ.

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According to the inscriptions on the tombstones, the people buried in these graves died in 1338 and 1339, which is about ten years before the plague manifested itself in Europe. Through DNA analysis, the researchers found that the dead became infected with Yersinia pestis. According to scientists, the number of people buried in the cemetery proves that this community, which dealt with, among other things, remote trade, faced great overcrowding several years before the plague hit Europe.

Based on DNA analysis, the researchers believe that the bacteria discovered in Kyrgyzstan belong to the oldest strains of the bacterium. These were at the beginning of the epidemic, which then reached Europe. According to the researchers, marmots caused the transmission of bacteria to humans. Yersinia pestis strains then began to mutate rapidly. According to researchers, Kyrgyzstan is at the beginning of a great diversification of plague bacteria.

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According to demographers and historians, the plague known as the Black Death killed up to a third of Europe’s population in the 14th and 15th centuries. “I’ve always been very interested in the Black Death, and one of my dreams was to uncover the secret of its origins,” said Phil Slavin, one of the study’s authors. It has long been argued that the plague was introduced into Europe from China through long-distance trade without there being credible scientific evidence.


Source: Pravda – Veda a technika by vat.pravda.sk.

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