Nuclear energy is once again at the center of the debate. With the EU proposal regarding investments that could be considered sustainable by the bloc in the coming years, the European Commission has decided to include nuclear and gas among those that will be key in the ecological transition of the following decades. Although it is only a draft, its mere publication has caused a important debate within European countries.
On the one hand France, the largest producer of nuclear energy on the continent, with 58 reactors and with plans to reactivate the construction of up to six facilities. Able to generate with this energy source 70% of the national electricity consumption, the country chaired by Emmanuel Macron is one of the most benefited if this EU decision finally goes ahead. At the other extreme, countries such as Germany or Spain, which seek to end their facilities in the coming years.
In the case of our country, Teresa Ribera’s response to the possibility of treating nuclear as green energy was strictly rejected by the Minister of Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge. “It doesn’t make sense and sends the wrong signals for the energy transition of the whole of the EU ”, explained Ribera.
And the fact is that Spain currently has five nuclear power plants with seven active reactors, responsible for 23% of the energy that our country demands. They depend on her 8,500 direct jobs, according to the figures managed by the Spanish Nuclear Society (SNE), although the numbers grow to 27,000 if we have indirect jobs and induced employment.
“The jobs in the sector are characterized by being of quality and stable, since a large part of the employees who work directly in the sector have University degree and a very important percentage are working with Indefinite contract”, Says a report prepared on the sector by PwC.
Specific, four out of five contracts in the nuclear energy sector they are undefined, while the qualification of these is another of the pillars on which the type of jobs requested by the industry has been based, with a percentage of university degrees reaching 49.5%, above the Spanish average.
However, these 27,000 jobs that depend on nuclear power are going to be seriously diminished, except for a last minute script twist, starting in the year 2027, when the final goodbye agreed between the State and the companies operating these facilities begins. next 2027. According to the script marked, Spain will see reduced by 2030, its electricity generation capacity will reach 4,000 MW of the current slightly more than 7,000, to end all its production in 2035, with the closure of the last reactor, that of the Trillo plant in Guadalajara.
Because this is another aspect to take into account, several of the old nuclear power plants that have survived in Spain since the 1980s are located in rural areas, having been an eimportant activity of the regions for the stimulation of employment. This is the case of the Almaraz (Extremadura) or Trillo plants, localities in which the extension of the useful life of their reactors has been defended, in an attempt to, at least, extend the expiration date of a source of employment with the days numbered.
Source: LA INFORMACIÓN – Lo último by www.lainformacion.com.
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