Symptoms of disease seen through chest pain 8. What is the number one risk?

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You may experience sudden pain or discomfort in the chest area. A common cause of chest pain is stretched muscles or ligaments in the chest. Then there are psychological causes such as stress. However, the chest is a place where organs directly related to life such as the lungs and heart are gathered. In this case, chest pain can have very serious consequences. Let’s take a look at the causes of chest pain based on data from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

◆ Chest tightness, tightness, cold sweat… 119 to call

Heart disease is largely divided into angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction is more dangerous. It is a disease in which the heart’s muscles die because the heart’s arteries are blocked by blood clots. When myocardial infarction occurs, not only chest pain but also chest tightness and tightness appear. Heavily painful, cold sweat, and restless symptoms occur together. The pain may spread to the neck and left arm at the same time. Myocardial infarction is dangerous because 40% die immediately. 10% die while being treated in a hospital, and only 50% survive. As this is a life-threatening emergency, you must call 911 and go directly to the heart hospital.

◆ If symptoms disappear and come back… go to hospital immediately

Pulmonary embolism aortic dissection can also be life-threatening. You need to go to the emergency room as soon as possible to find out the cause and start treatment. Occasionally, severe chest pain may come and go, and in this case, you should go to the emergency room of a large hospital as soon as possible. In the case of aortic dissection, when symptoms disappear and return, it can lead to death. If chest pain persists, it is essential to consult a doctor and see a doctor. If your chest pain is so severe that it interferes with your daily activities, you should see a doctor right away, even if you only have symptoms for a few minutes.

◆ As if squeezing or squeezing… In case of angina

Reduced blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain or discomfort. It occurs from the pronotum to the left chest, and there is a feeling of squeezing or squeezing. Angina may be the cause of narrowing of the blood vessels due to the accumulation of waste products on the walls of the heart arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. There is a feeling of heaviness in the chest area, and there are times when chest pain occurs during exercise and gets better after rest.

◆ If the pain is worse when breathing or coughing… respiratory system causes

Even if the lungs are ill, chest pain appears. Pulmonary embolism is a disease in which blood clots form in the blood vessels that supply blood to the lungs. A lack of blood supply to the lungs causes shortness of breath and chest pain. Pleurisy, an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the lungs, is more painful when breathing in or coughing. Fever may also occur.

◆ The chest area seems to be burning… If stomach acid reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or reflux esophagitis can also cause chest pain. It is a disease in which stomach acid refluxes into the esophagus, causing inflammation of the esophageal mucosa or spasm of the muscles of the esophagus. There is a burning pain in the area of ​​​​the chest from the middle of the head to the chest. It often occurs when there is overeating, late night eating, or abdominal obesity. The habit of lying down right after eating can be the cause. Taking acid suppressants may improve symptoms. However, if you do not change your lifestyle habits such as excessive drinking, overeating, smoking, and stress, it will recur. It is very important to have a light dinner and not lie down within 2 hours after eating.

◆ When you take a deep breath or move your body… pectoral muscle, bone abnormalities

The most common cause of chest pain is muscle and bone abnormalities. If the muscles or muscle membranes that make up the chest are stretched, you may feel pain when you breathe deeply, move your body, or press your chest. Musculoskeletal disorders in the chest area appear when the chest is bumped or twisted while moving suddenly. Excessive exercise such as golf practice can cause sprains and costal osteochondritis that damage the chest muscles. There are cases where the ribs are cracked or broken due to a car accident or a fall impact.

◆ My heart is tight… psychological pressure, stress

If you are feeling psychologically pressured or stressed, your chest may feel tight and painful. Panic disorder may be suspected if you feel dizzy or short of breath for no reason. Panic disorder is more common in people who have previously experienced a sudden startling or anxiety-provoking event.

◆ Nervous system abnormalities in the chest area, skin diseases such as herpes zoster

Chest pain can also cause nervous system abnormalities in the chest or skin diseases such as herpes zoster. However, in about 20% of cases, the cause of chest pain is unknown. This is a case in which the cause cannot be diagnosed even if the doctor examines the patient’s symptoms and conducts necessary tests. Fortunately, most of the symptoms go away after a few days or weeks.

Reporter Kim Yong-eok [email protected]

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