Symptoms of a heart attack. The first steps in survival if you live alone

Heart attack is a life-threatening condition. It is caused by the blockage of one of the coronary arteries, stopping blood flow and feeding the heart. Arteries can become blocked by a blood clot, followed by myocardial necrosis. This necrosis is, in fact, a heart attack. What are the symptoms of a heart attack and how can you make sure you survive, even if you are not in the presence of other people to help you?

It is important to know that a heart attack does not occur immediately. The person who manifests this condition has a gradual onset, which gives him time for proper intervention. “Necrosis does not occur immediately after occlusion. It begins 20 minutes after occlusion in the center of the threatened myocardial area and progressively expands into the “oil slick”, so that after 4-6 hours it covers the entire area irrigated by the occluded coronary artery. Early removal (in the first 4-6 hours) of the thrombus that induced coronary artery occlusion (“uncorking” of the artery) can lead to the resumption of blood flow through this artery, which leads to the resumption of irrigation of the suffering myocardium (“myocardial reperfusion”). ). As a result, the evolution of necrosis can be stopped, and the infarction area can be limited “, announces What are the symptoms of a heart attack and how do you proceed in this circumstance?

Usually, the first symptoms are mild pain and discomfort. If you experience the following symptoms, call 112.

Possible symptoms:

  • “Chest discomfort (center), which lasts more than a few minutes or comes and goes. Discomfort can mean nausea or pain.
  • Discomfort in the upper parts of the body, such as the arms, back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath. This can come with or without chest discomfort.
  • Unusual sensations, such as cold sweats, nausea, vomiting, lightness or dizziness “, according to Antenna3.

First steps to survive:

  • Take a normal dose of aspirin. It slows down the blood clotting process, promoting blood circulation.
  • Call 112
  • Leave the door unlocked and wait for the doctors next to it to shorten the intervention time.
  • Deep breathing and deep coughing can increase blood pressure, providing more oxygen to the brain, adds Antena3.

As much as possible, avoid heart attacks by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Quit addictions (smoking), exercise and keep your cholesterol levels under control, as well as your blood pressure.

Source: Doctorul Zilei by

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