The swollen eye can have different causes and symptoms, more or less serious: here are what they are, the 5 natural remedies to treat it and how to prevent it.
L’Swollen eye it is a disorder that is characterized by an accumulation of fluid at the level of the eyelids or an inflammation in the same area. This problem can present itself in various ways, depending on what are the triggering causes.
When it comes to swollen eye or swollen eyelids it refers to a generally not serious problem, mostly of a temporary nature. However, it is possible that conditions may occur that require the intervention of an ophthalmologist or an emergency room doctor.
Given the particular variety of causes, anyone can get swollen eye. However, there are some individuals, such as those suffering from respiratory allergies, mites or animal hair (more properly to some proteins present on the skin), which can be particularly sensitive to swelling of the eyelids.
Generally it is a non-contagious disorder, therefore devoid of transmissibility. However, there are some cases in which swollen eyelids are a wake-up call not to be underestimated: we are talking for example of the sty, very contagious or annoying. It is characterized by a sort of small sphere arranged along the eyelid, which by pressing on the eyeball tends to cause the sensation of a “foreign body in the eye”.
Another possible case is that of infectious conjunctivitis, which can be transmitted from the sick subject to a healthy one. Aggressions caused by are also among the possible cases of transmissible disorder Herpes Simplex type I (or ocular herpes) or from Herpes Zoster (responsible for the Fire of Sant’Antonio).
The causes of swollen eye they can be both infectious and linked to external factors such as air blows or allergies (mainly pollen and mites). There are also several pathologies that can result in eye swelling. Here are the main triggers for eye swelling:
- Conjunctivitis – It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva and can be acute or chronic, of viral or bacterial origin.
- Allergic reaction local or systemic – Swelling can be the consequence of direct contact with allergens, including pollen, mites or cosmetic components. It can also result from an allergic reaction that involves the whole organism.
- Blepharitis – In this case we refer to an inflammation of the eyelid margin with swelling, redness, itching, blurred vision.
- Chalazion – It is caused by an obstruction of the excretory duct of the meibomian gland, from which the accumulation of fluid near the eyelid area originates.
- Sty – To generate it is an acute infection that affects one or more sebaceous glands, located near the eyelashes.
- Herpes Simplex ocular type – The infection results from the replication of the virus, which in this case involves the area around the eye and can lead to blepharitis.
- Herpes Zoster – Related to the pathology known as St. Anthony’s Fire.
- Insect sting – even a mosquito bite near the eye can cause temporary redness and swelling.
- Systemic diseases – Cause swelling of the eyelids are for example heart failure and kidney failure.
- Hyperthyroidism e hypothyroidism.
- External agents – A shot of air o a change in temperature can be triggering factors in particularly sensitive subjects.
- Poor rest e stress – Insufficient rest or lead an excessively stressful life can represent further causes for the onset of eye swelling. It is therefore not unusual that individuals undergoing constant sleep deprivation may exhibit puffy eyes in the morning following bad quality rest.
- Orbital cellulite – Sometimes preceded by symptoms such as sinusitis, this pathology can lead to a reduction in vision. Usually unilateral, it is characterized by the purplish color of the painful part. In severe cases, there is a proptosis (protusion) of the eyeball.
- Periorbital cellulite – Less severe than the orbital counterpart, periorbital cellulite does not cause eye damage or protusions to the eyeball. There is a reddening of the part, fever and is preceded by skin inflammations in the immediate vicinity of the eye. Again it is a unilateral disorder (swelling in the left eye or as an alternative to the right).
- Cavernous sinus thrombosis – It is a rare disease, but it can still be included among the causes of eye swelling. It presents with headache, paralysis of the muscles of the eyeball (ophthalmoplegia), proptosis, decreased visual acuity, ptosis or drooping eyelid, combined with a feverish state. It is initially unilateral, but over time tends to affect both eyes (bilateral).
The disorder can manifest itself in the form of swelling under the eye, but the eyelid above the eye sphere may also be swollen. A redness localized, generating the so-called red eye. The latter should not be underestimated, as it can represent both the warning of an allergy and an alarm bell related to glaucoma or uveitis.
We do not always speak only of “aesthetic” symptoms. Sometimes the problem comes as swollen and sore eye, making it even more appropriate to consult with your doctor. Possible causes associated with the pain of the part also include chalazion or sty.
It should be noted that the symptomatology it can progress rapidly even at night. Enough to bring some subjects to waking up with a swollen eye.
For the elaboration of a diagnosis correct it starts from the patient’s medical history. The attending physician will investigate any trauma or previous illnesses, then going to evaluate in detail the symptoms manifested by the subject. It will be important to evaluate if the problem is bilateral or unilateral, or if it involves both eyes or only one.
During theanamnesis The patient’s clinical past will also be investigated, i.e. whether he has undergone ophthalmic surgery over the years, has suffered ocular lesions, is subject to kidney, heart, liver or thyroid diseases, or if he has specific allergies.
The path of differential diagnosis continues with the clinical analysis of the part that has swelling. The pain of the area and the possible hardness of the swollen area will be assessed by palpation. A measurement of visual capacity is also foreseen, in order to exclude causes that have among the possible symptoms also a vision deficit.
Normally these operations will prove to be sufficient for the elaboration of one definitive diagnosis. In case of suspicion linked to orbital cellulitis or cavernous sinus thrombosis, further investigations may be necessary (CT – Computed Tomography or Magnetic Resonance).
Treatment and care
What to do in case of a swollen eye? First of all, it is always good practice to rely on your doctor in order to exclude possible complications or particular risk factors. Depending on the severity of the problem, for the treatment of the disorder it will be necessary to follow drug therapy or it will be possible to rely on natural remedies.
In case of respiratory allergies, the doctor can recommend some antihistamine drugs, to be taken orally, or of the corticosteroid eye drops. In the case of swollen eyes derived from conjunctivitis or Herpes Simplex / Zoster, the treatment will be, depending on the pathogen identified, based on eye drops antibiotics O antivirals.
In treatment of puffy eyes natural remedies can be particularly effective. Always taking into account the fact that it will be possible to proceed with these solutions only once the doctor has excluded certain pathologies of particular gravity from the possible causes.
The following are the 5 natural remedies useful for non-drug treatment of swollen eye:
- Wraps of cold water – The application of cold water-based compresses helps to counteract any bacterial infections that have led to the accumulation of fluids from the eyelid. Especially if the liquid is enriched with a few drops of chamomile essential oil o di tea tree oil (3 drops every 500 ml of water). Apply to closed eyes using clean cloths or cotton pads.
- Water and salt – This solution will allow both to disinfect the part and to favor the drainage of the liquids accumulated in the eyelid. The liquid should be slightly warm, not hot, and applied to closed eyes.
- Chamomile – It is possible to replace plain water with an infusion of chamomile, to be diluted and used for beneficial packs. Apply to closed eyes with a cotton pad once the infusion has become lukewarm,
- Cucumber – Cucumber slices are an effective natural remedy for puffy eyes. Cut the slices and leave them in the fridge for a few hours, keeping them resting on your closed eyes for a few minutes.
- Aloe vera – Using aloe vera for compresses is an excellent tool against bacteria and to soothe redness and swelling. The gel will be used directly, also intended for consumption as a food supplement: in this case pay attention to the ingredients, it must not have added sugars or other products other than the gel itself (can be used even if diluted with water only).
You can reduce the risk of waking up with puffy eyes by practicing a little bit too prevention. Sanitizing your hands often is a useful way, which can help prevent swelling from conjunctivitis or other viral or bacterial causes.
The bearers of contact lenses will have to pay close attention to cleaning of the same, avoiding incorrect behaviors that can expose the eyes to a dangerous bacterial load.
Knowing any allergies you suffer from can be a good way to avoid eyelid swelling problems. When the first suspects arise, it is advisable to carry out some test allergologici, so as to isolate the cause of the problem and act accordingly.
A healthy rest and using relaxation techniques can help prevent lifestyle-related cases of swollen eyelids. Limiting the use of cigarettes or alcoholic beverages may also be helpful.
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Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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