The Karolinska Institute in Stockholm has awarded the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Swedish evolutionary genetics expert Svante Pääbom.
The award goes to the scientist for discoveries related to the genomes of extinct hominids and human evolution, the institute said.
Pääbo accepted this news over a cup of coffee. After the shock wore off, one of the first things on his mind was whether he could share the news with his wife, Linda.
Among other things, Pääb succeeded in sequencing the Neanderthal genome. Pääbo pioneered research that compared the genomes of modern humans and their closest extinct relatives, the Neanderthals and Denisovans, and showed that there was admixture between the species, the Karolinska Institute’s Nobel committee emphasized.
Possible winners were also experts who made discoveries in the field of breast cancer or mRNA vaccines.
American geneticist Mary-Claire King, who discovered the gene responsible for a hereditary type of breast cancer in 1990, could be honored along with her compatriot oncologist Dennis Slam and German Axel Ullrich for the research that led to the development of the breast cancer drug Herceptin, writes AFP .
Katalin Karikó, an American biochemist of Hungarian origin, could win the Nobel Prize for her research, which led to the development of the first vaccines against the disease COVID-19 based on mRNA technology. American immunologist Drew Weissman and Canadian Pietre Cullis could be awarded together with her.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes to be announced this week.
The names of the winners of the prizes for physics, chemistry, literature and peace will follow. Last year, American molecular biologists David Julius and Ardom Patapoutian received the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for the discovery of temperature and touch receptors.
In addition to a medal and a diploma, the Nobel Prize laureates also receive a financial bonus of ten million Swedish kronor. The laureates will receive the awards at a ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of the death of the Swedish inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel, based on whose will the prizes are awarded.
Source: Pravda – Veda a technika by vat.pravda.sk.
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