Sunburn can also cause permanent brain damage

Most people are already aware that our skin and eyes need to be protected from excessive sun exposure, and many also know how to use sunscreens or when it is not recommended to stay in the sun.

Perhaps hearing less about the dangers and risk factors of sunburn, even though working for long hours in high heat, on a hot day, playing sports, or just sunbathing, can certainly pose dangers.”He draws attention Dr. Pácz Alexandra, an internist and cardiologist at the Buda Private Medical Center.

The body tries to compensate for the high temperature for a long time, through thermoregulation, mostly in the form of heat release, evaporation, sweating, dilating the blood vessels of the skin. At the beginning of overheating, the condition is characterized by red face, red, warm skin.

With an uncovered head, staying in the sun for a long time, the brain simply overheats, the pressure in the brain increases, as a result of which we can experience symptoms of meningeal excitement, in the form of headaches, nausea, nausea, dizziness, dizziness. In addition to the short- and long-term damage to the skin caused by the sun, it can cause a potentially life-threatening condition very quickly.”Says the specialist.

While sunburn can be cured within a few days without long-term health damage, heat stroke can already cause permanent brain damage and even more than once end in death.

If the person who has received a sunburn does not receive adequate care and even stays in the sun, exposing his body to further heating, the compensation mechanisms will be exhausted, and heat dissipation will be disrupted. Previously red, warm skin becomes blackberry and cold, sweating stops, body temperature rises, reaches 39-41 degrees Celsius, rapid heartbeat is observed, then narrowing of consciousness, headache, nausea, dizziness, lethargy, weakness, decreased ability to concentrate, cervical attachment, later loss of consciousness. In this condition, medical help is definitely needed, not infrequently with longer hospital treatment”He draws attention.

What to do in case of sunstroke?

While we only notice symptoms suggestive of sunburn, home care is also sufficient. Our first and most important task is to place the patient in a ventilated, cool, preferably darkened room, in order to reduce the cerebral pressure slightly, approx. Laying with the upper body raised 30 degrees, cooling the body with a cold water compress (this helps to reduce the core temperature of the body), replenishing fluids with cold water or replenishing electrolyte with salt. After a few days of rest, the person who has received a sunburn heals without residual symptoms, while in the case of heat stroke, even if the patient survives, in many cases we have to reckon with brain damage.

edrink them in a heat

People with certain diseases are more sensitive to the heat of summer and get sunburns more easily. Infants, young children, as well as the elderly and chronic patients, diabetics, heart patients, and people with general atherosclerosis are more commonly affected. Because of their work, those who spend a lot of time outdoors or during longer competitions are also at risk from athletes.

Even mild symptoms should be suspected

In prevention, in addition to not staying uncovered with the head for a long time in the sun, the intake of the right amount of fluid, the replacement of electrolytes lost during sweating, well-ventilated clothing made of light material, bright, mostly white headgear helps. Even at the onset of mild symptoms, suspect that you may be facing a sunstroke and look for a shady, cool place as soon as possible and try to cool your body. Proper updating and cooling is especially important in long-term sports competitions. Wear a light awning cap, which you can also water, while running, cycling, in the biggest heat, we can put some ice cubes in our sportswear at the refreshing station. If possible, wash your arms, head and neck with cold water. This is possible in most races”He details.

Of course, heat stroke can be obtained not only in an open place, in the sun, but similarly fatal in an enclosed, unventilated place, at extremely high temperatures, in inappropriate clothing. Think of the tragedy of children and dogs forgotten in a hot car.