Summer is usually associated with good weather, sun and holidays. However, it is good that the attention towards your four-legged friends does not go on vacation. Take it dog care in the summer it is a fundamental step, avoiding unnecessary risks and always choosing the best nutrition.
There are several aspects to take into account to protect the dogs from possible summer risks. We pass from the relationship of these animals with the heat, passing through the feeding, the management of the four legs on vacation and the inevitable walks. Below is a special guide to enjoy theestate without worries.
Dogs and hot
The relationship between dogs and heat is not always optimal. Perhaps even more than for humans, the summer heat poses a threat, as a 3-degree rise in the heat is sufficient body temperature (from about 38 to 40-41) to remove difficulties of various kinds. Last but not least, the dreaded heat stroke.
Knowing how to recognize the signs of a discomfort related to the heat is essential for the survival of the animal. At this link all our tips on how to recognize and manage heat stroke in dogs.
Brachycephalics and breeds most at risk
The breeds most at risk of heat are different, whose dogs are often united by the term brachycephaly. Brachycephalic are defined as animals whose snout is flattened, basically when the width of the head is greater than the length. Among the consequences of this condition are greater breathing difficulties and a reduced ability to contain body heat through the mechanism of open mouth breathing.
They are among the breeds most at risk the Pug, the English Bulldog and the French Bulldog. Volpino di Pomerania, Bernese Mountain Dog, Chow Chow and Pekingese are also particularly sensitive to summer temperatures.
Dog care in the summer: feeding
L’supply it is undoubtedly one of the keys to the health of any living thing, including dogs. Fortunately, it is not strictly necessary to change the eating habits of our four-legged friends, but it is enough to be regular in meals and avoid giving snacks (especially if represented by typically “human” foods and condiments) that strain his digestive system.
However, what will be really important is the hydration of the animal. Assumed valid above all for those dogs that prefer or in any case are fed with dry food. For them it could be useful to include in the diet, compatibly with any allergies or intolerances, a few pieces of carrot or a few pieces of apple (always without exaggerating.
When it comes to the hydration of dogs, in the summer as in the rest of the year, thewater the best option is confirmed. It is therefore good to make several bowls of water available to the animal, which must never be empty.
It is also recommended from time to time to put some ice cube in bowl, so as to refresh it without having to change it more often than necessary. We remind you that it is still necessary to replace the water periodically, but that the one to be thrown away can always be used for example to water the plants.
Always carry one with you water bottle in case of a walk it will provide extra safety for the prevention of heatstroke.
How to freshen up your dog at home?
Come refresh the dog in home? The above about water is certainly a great way to start answering the question. It is also necessary to provide the animal with places where it can find cool and shelter from direct sunlight.
Similarly to what is recommended for humans, keep shutters or blinds closed when the sole Slamming on the windows is a good way to prevent the temperature in the house from rising excessively. To avoid unnecessary efforts, limiting the moments of play at the coolest hours of the day.
Air conditioning or fan?
We also remind you that if theair conditioning in the house, the temperature should be set at a maximum of 5 degrees below the outside temperature, in order to avoid possible problems for both humans and their animal companions. To cool the dog at home it may be more useful and recommended to choose to dehumidify the house rather than cool it in this way, or use the fan.
Operate the fan on the contrary, it can be a good way to move the air, but avoid pointing the device directly at the dog.
Wet the fur it may be another option, as well as giving the dog access to a swimming pool (if available) in which to take a refreshing dip.
Dog care in the summer, because it is better not to shave the coat
Be careful when talking about dog’s hair in summer. Thinking that it is only a burden to him and that it is harmful in hot weather is often wrong, when not dangerous. In many cases, the animal’s coat acts as an insulator, allowing it to better tolerate even uncomfortable temperatures.
Here’s why it is better not to shave the hair dogs in the summer, as they would be deprived of a potential defense weapon against the heat. The fact remains that thinning the coat could be beneficial, especially in those breeds accustomed by nature to shedding more hair in the summer months.
Instead of shaving them it is recommended to brush them often, so as to remove dead hair and therefore no longer useful. Some breeds may require a practice called “Stripping”: although it literally means “tearing”, if correctly performed this practice is not painful for the animal; on the contrary, it has an advantage in terms of immediate removal of dead hair (which as such will no longer act as an insulator). If inexperienced, the advice is to contact a grooming shop.
When to get the dog out
The walk for the dog it is an indispensable moment, even if it is not always recommended during the hot summer days. To establish optimally when to get the dog out it is necessary to organize your time well, trying to avoid your four-legged friend a potentially dangerous exit.
The central hours of the day should be avoided, limiting the exit to only physiological needs and trying to keep the dog in the shade as much as possible. Not only because of the risk of heat stroke, but also because the hot asphalt could damage his fingertips.
However habitual the four legs of the house may be, they will probably be willing to vary them exit times if the external conditions are not optimal.
Early morning or evening slot
The actual promenade should be located in the early morning, possibly before 8: 30/9 (even better if before 8), or in the evening hours. After 9pm, temperatures generally tend to drop, allowing the dog to safely enjoy a pleasant summer evening.
Compatibly with your possibilities, try to make the new organization as stable as possible. This will guarantee the dog greater serenity and the possibility of giving body to new ones habits, even if limited to the summer period only.
Dog care in the summer, holidays
The moment of holidays it can represent one of the critical moments for those who take care of dogs in the summer. Between car trips and stays in tourist resorts, difficulties are the order of the day. It is therefore better to leave prepared, so as to minimize inconvenience.
In this regard it is good to keep up with the vaccinations and show up at the holiday destinations with the health card of the dog, in case of any checks.
At the beach
The access or not of the dogs to the beach it is a hotly debated topic. Not only with regard to the possible interactions with surrounding humans or their possible unwelcome behavior, but also for the difficulties they face.
During the day the sand can burn the fingertips of dogs, while high temperatures increase the chances of a heatstroke. It is therefore preferable to go to an equipped bathing establishment, where a place in the shade and a bowl of water will be guaranteed.
If you want to go to a free beach, remember to bring an umbrella to guarantee theshadow and abundant stocks of fresh water. If necessary, use thermos or bring a cooler bag with siblings.
Where it is possible to allow your dog to do the bathroom, avoid letting him walk the stretch of hot sand that separates you from the shoreline: take him in your arms to the shore, or wet the path he will have to cross (so as to make it more tolerable).
Attention then to the possible presence of fragments and small ones items on the beach. The dog could end up swallowing them or getting injured (in the case of fishing hooks or pieces of glass, for example).
Traveling by car
Traveling is one of the most critical moments during the holidays. Dogs, cats and other companion animals are no exception, especially when it comes to travel by car. Proper ventilation of the passenger compartment and comfortable temperatures are among the essential requirements for peace of mind.
Like at home, so in the car. When it comes to air conditioning, it is always advisable not to overdo the cold, as both humans and the dog could suffer the backlash of going from the cool of the cabin to the scorching heat outside.
Alternatively, keep the windows open as much as possible, alternatively ensure adequate air circulation running the fan (set to cold). Always recommended to travel with fresh water and a cooler bag, remembering to place bottles of ice water or siblings (wrapped in a light cloth) inside the pet carrier.
Carrier which is the best solution to let your dog travel, so as to protect him from possible falls due to sudden braking. However, it is advisable to resort to frequent stops, so as to allow some stalking during the journey (also useful for the humans of the house). Even in the absence of a pet carrier, it is good to remember that the dog must not travel free in the passenger compartment, but isolated from possible contacts with the driver.
Let us remember once again that it is it is forbidden to leave the dog locked in the car, as well as extremely dangerous to his health. Heatstroke could occur for him, potentially fatal even for our four-legged friends.
Dog care in the summer: parasites and forasacchi
In summer, attention must also be paid to parasites and other threats. Pappataci (or sand flies, which carry Leishmaniasis among other things), ticks, fleas and heartworm are just some of the possible risks, mostly avoidable through the use of pesticides or adequate prophylaxis. Consult your veterinarian to proceed in the most appropriate way.
Dog care in the summer that also includes monitoring some “physical” risks, such as that represented by forasacchi. These are small ears similar to those of wheat, able to stick into the skin of the animal, to enter the ears or to penetrate, through the mouth or nose, into the respiratory tract.
Some signs of a possible problem are frequent sneezing, a dog that often shakes its head, residues of grasses near lesions, small blood loss resulting from any lacerations of the skin. In the presence of these symptoms it is advisable to contact your veterinarian or a veterinary clinic that performs the First Aid service as soon as possible.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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