Sudan.. Will the United Nations’ efforts to end the political crisis succeed?

On Monday, the United Nations announced the start of consultations between the political parties in Sudan. According to a report published by Deutsche Welle, the United Nations hopes that the talks will eventually help resolve the escalating and increasingly deadly political crisis, which was sparked by a military coup in October last year.

What is the UN plan?

“Talks will start immediately,” the United Nations Special Representative in Sudan, Volker Perthes, said in a press statement in the capital, Khartoum.

“It is time to put an end to the violence and to engage in a comprehensive consultative process,” Perthes, a German citizen, said in a press conference.

He added that the United Nations will start holding individual consultations with civil society organizations, political and social actors, as well as with the army.

Following the initial talks, the United Nations hopes to move to the second phase of facilitating direct or indirect negotiations between the various parties.

The envoy emphasized that the people would lead the process. Pointing out that “the United Nations does not set any project or project a vision for a solution.”

“These are all Sudanese issues that the Sudanese must agree to,” he added.

But in the short term, negotiations will at least seek to quell the violence that has killed scores of protesters.

“I really hope that these consultations will become a confidence-building measure, and at least help reduce violence,” Brethers said.

How did the plan come about?

According to the United Nations, the military has not expressed any opposition to the talks. Protest organizers and civil society groups viewed the UN plans with caution, although one of the main protest organizers had already rejected the talks.

Protest organizers say they are not seeking a power-sharing agreement with the military and will only participate if the goal is to resume the country’s transition to democracy, according to a spokesperson for the main pro-democracy civic group.

“We are ready to participate in the talks, provided that the goal is to resume the democratic transition and remove the coup regime, but we are against that if these talks seek to legitimize the coup regime,” Jaafar Hassan, a spokesman for the Forces for Freedom and Change, told AFP.

Another major civilian faction, the Sudanese Professionals Association, also said on Sunday that it would not participate in the UN-facilitated talks, saying that “the group seeks an all-civilian government to lead Sudan’s transition to democracy.”

Violent repression of anti-coup protesters

These UN-facilitated talks come a week after the resignation of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

“The decision to resign stems from the army’s inability to reach a settlement with the protesters,” he said.

Sudan witnessed massive demonstrations against the coup and military leaders, and demonstrations attended by tens of thousands of people at times demanded civilian rule.

Security forces have cracked down on protesters, killing at least 63 people since the October coup.

https://www.dw.com/en/sudan-un-launches-talks-in-bid-to-end-political-crisis/a-60381186


Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.

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