Trees are the most imposing subjects in the garden. Appreciated for their silhouette, the shade they provide, and even for their flowering, they will accompany you for many years and even over several generations if their planting is successful.
Before planting: reflection!
Planting a tree is never something to be taken lightly because it risks growing vigorously and can reach 30 m in height and one nice spread according to species. Remember that the visible aerial parts often hide an equally important root system!
In addition to the legislation which obliges respect a distance of 2 m from the neighborhood for any tree that exceeds 2 m in height once an adult, remember to preserve your pipes and your buried masonry elements by planting your tree at a good distance.
Do not forget the shading and the falling leaves which can be annoying parameters especially if the house loses in light or if the leaves are blocking the gutters and constantly littering the terrace!
An evergreen species will provide shade throughout the year, a deciduous species will take beautiful colors in autumn before losing its leaves. It’s all about choice and location!
When choosing the gasoline, find out about its future growth and on the possibility of planting or not plants at its foot because some trees like eucalyptus Where Walnut create a vacuum around them!
Always prefer plant a tree adapted to the climate of your region, ban exotic trees fearing the cold if it freezes in your home, or species that appreciate humid and cool weather in the Mediterranean area!
Observe your garden and take into account the nature of the soil to give your tree every chance! This way you will avoid planting weeping willows appreciating rich and waterlogged land in dry areas and poor and stony soil, or an olive tree appreciating arid lands in marshy soil!
Finally don’t forget that some trees are sensitive to soil pH, check this parameter carefully before planting yours. Japanese maple, the magnolia, chestnut, le liquidambar and many pines do very poorly in calcareous soil. Contrary to almond tree, walnut, with cedar of Lebanon Where linden which develop wonderfully!
Many trees also produce very ornamental flowers, this is the case you Tulipier, of magnolia, Indian lilac, ornamental cherry, of davidia, of paulownia or majestic jacaranda. Some are perfectly rustic, others less, do not forget to take advice before making your choice.
Bare root trees have a better chance of recovery and are less expensive to purchase. They are planted in autumn and winter, outside the frost period.
Officially container trees can be planted throughout the year, but they are good better chances of recovery in autumn thanks to the still mild weather, the still warm earth and the abundant rains. The most cautious species will not be planted until spring, when any risk of frost has been eliminated. Attention, it will then be necessary to be very vigilant on the summer watering to ensure the resumption.
Soil preparation is one of the key elements in planting a tree.
Dig a hole at least two weeks before planting to allow the soil to loosen up and rebalance. The volume of the hole should be at least two and a half times the size of the root ball in all directions. Do not forget to decompact the bottom to remove any rocks and allow the root system to establish itself.
Plant from this moment very strong stakes to support the growth of the tree The first years.
Dress and praline tree roots sold bare root. Untangle those from trees in containers and cut any dead roots.
At the bottom of the hole, lay out a thick layer of compost to which you will add a good dose of mycorrhizal powder. This magic substance promotes recovery and gives your tree better resistance to climatic conditions, pests and diseases.
Place the tree on the layer of compost in the center of the hole. Add soil if necessary so that its collar is flush with the ground.
Completely fill the hole and tamp with your feet around the trunk, before arranging a basin which will retain the irrigation water at the foot of the tree.
Water copiously to evacuate air bubbles between the roots and the soil.
Add more soil if the level has dropped during watering.
Secure your tree to stakes with specific non-injurious rubber links.
Straw the foot to avoid competition from weeds, protect the roots from the cold or prevent evaporation in summer.
A tree has need three years to develop well, be patient ! During these three years, watering should be regular, especially in hot and dry weather to ensure recovery. In the Mediterranean area, a mistake often made is not to water species known to resist drought at all. Be careful, these species certainly resist very well but will need to have developed their root system in depth, which is not the case the first two years after planting! Regular watering will then be necessary, especially during the summer!
In maintenance, scratch some compost and a few granules of organic fertilizer at the foot of the tree in spring.
Find out about any pruning operations to be carried out depending on the species chosen.
Check tutors links often so as not to create constrictions forming irreversible traces on the trunk.
Once the tree is well established, it will be possible to remove the stakes and give it back its freedom!
Check for the presence of pests or diseases and apply organic treatments as a preventive or curative.
Your tree will thus have every chance to accompany you for many years!
Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by www.aujardin.info.
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