Technology disparities Has resulted in 24 million children falling out of the system worldwide Because online learning during the COVID-19 epidemic
The urgent measures that governments take to prevent the spread of the virus are: Social distancing and quasi-blocking measures (semi-lockdown) requiring certain locations to close – open At the specified date and time. In addition, many countries around the world Including Thailand has measures to close schools for the safety of children. And use an online teaching and learning method instead
Although there is a lot of evidence pointing to the negative consequences of school closures. And although the evidence shows that schools are not the primary place of transmission. But countries still choose to shut down schools and schools. Some of which have been closed for almost a year.
“Prachachart Business” journalists gathered challenges, problems, and opinions on online learning problems during the COVID-19 epidemic as follows:
Internet children run out of education
On January 21, 2021, in the social world, online chat images were shared on Facebook Kammalat Seansano, belonging to Mr. Kamrasan Sanso or Krugo, an art teacher at a school in Bangkok Noi, Bangkok. The teacher who spoke to the students asked the children if they could study online for all subjects or not. If not, please report it. And tell me the reason why
Later, one student came in and replied that Today I can learn But not tomorrow Because the internet is not enough If having homework I will have a friend send it instead.
Mr. Kamlas wrote in the caption that Could it be that the ministry will deal with telephone networks? Allowing students to use unlimited internet during this period And said that it should be the duty and responsibility of the government to take responsibility for the future of students. And don’t worry about students misusing them. Because they believe that children can take responsibility for their future duties well enough
After that, many people came to the comments that they wanted the government to have policies that are consistent with online learning, such as SIM distribution, for example, until this post has been shared almost 7 thousand times
Survey results show disparities in access to technology
Based on the Household Information Technology Utilization Survey Q4 2019, the latest published survey. According to the National Statistical Office, the number of computer users is by region. The highest is Bangkok There are 43.0% of users, followed by the central region 24.7%, the northern 23.1%, the southern region 22.5% and the lowest in the Northeast 20.1%.
For using the internet, it was found that Bangkok had the same number of users at 85.3 percent, followed by the central region 72.0 percent, southern 65.2 percent, northern region 59.6 percent and the lowest was in the northeast 56.8 percent
It can be seen that children in each area have families with different strengths and abilities to support them in accessing technology.
1 in 3 schoolchildren cannot learn distance.
International education organizations and countries see the devastating effects of COVID-19 To children and youth around the world, not being infected or sick with this disease But a waste of study opportunities And many children do not have access to basic systems. Different
Mrs. Henrietta Four, Executive Director UNICEF It mentions the study during COVID-19 that all parties must make every effort to keep schools open continuously. Or arranged as a place that can be opened in the first order
“School closures affect 90 per cent of students worldwide, with over a third of students unable to learn distance. It is estimated that The number of children dropped out of education will increase to 24 million, the highest in recent years. And it is a problem that we have always tried to solve. “
Besides that, children’s literacy and numeracy skills are being affected. In addition, the skills needed to live in the global economy in the 21st century are declining and the health, development, safety and well-being of children are at risk. Children at the most vulnerable are being the most severely affected.
Ms Henrietta said that the child was not eating at school. This has left many children in many countries starving and having worse nutrition. Lack of interaction with friends and lack of daily movement can lead to loss of physical performance and stress. And the lack of support from schools makes children more at risk of abuse. Forced marriage And being employed
“That’s why school closings should be a last resort. After all other options have been considered, school opening and closing decisions should be assessed based on local epidemic risks. School closures across the country are as much of the off as possible. ”
However, in severe epidemic areas and the public health system is burdened with. Which may need to close the school There should be protection and assistance measures to enable some groups of children to continue their education in the classroom, such as those at risk of domestic violence. Or children who depend on food at school Or children whose parents need to work outside the home
In areas where there is a lock down Schools must be among the first to open when the government starts easing measures. Additionally, special classes should be held to help children who are unable to learn distance. Able to catch up So that they don’t have to be left behind
“If children are faced with school closures for another year, it will affect many generations at once.”
Source: ประชาชาติธุรกิจ by www.prachachat.net.
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