Stone wall cladding: performing timeless beauty
A wall covered in stone it stands out for its particularly captivating aesthetic impact, capable of creating pleasant scenographies both in indoor settings and in outdoor spaces.
The materiality of stone wall coverings it is very appreciated for giving a touch of class and uniqueness to the living spaces, evoking the skilful construction methods of the past, with surprising results from the point of view of architectural beauty and structural solidity.
Insulating properties of a natural stone cladding
The typical stone cladding also had a thermal value, as the massive ones wall stones they helped to insulate the houses thanks to their mass.
Even the moderns stone wall coverings they contribute to improving the internal microclimate, albeit with a much lower thickness.
The performance of a stone cladding materializes in one retraining aesthetics of the houses but also in an increase in the mass of the envelope, offering a better climatic performance in terms of thermal lag.
Indoor stone cladding: a décor wall in the living room
In the perspective drawing below, I illustrate a possible solution in which a internal stone cladding appears as the absolute protagonist of indoor architecture, in the context of a living room with a contemporary taste.
Interior cladding stones on wooden dining area wall
The representation portrays a portion of the dining area, imagining on the right the passage to the kitchen, in direct communication with the living room.
On the wall cladding in natural stone in contrast, the solid wood shelf stands out, consistent with the large chestnut wood table, combined with cherry wood chairs with backrest and decorative carvings.
Chemical composition of facing stones
The decorative stone cladding it consists of multicolored quarry stones, because they differ from each other in origin and mineral composition, heterogeneous in chemical content and percentage of components.
Wall stones are mainly composed of silicates, carbonates, iron oxides, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, manganese, chromium, phosphorus and many other elements, depending on the extraction site.
The indoor wall stones they can be chosen of different sizes and morphologies, some smaller and rounder, others rounded and irregular, so as to compose a variegated and multifaceted mix of shapes and colors, of great scenic effect.
Stone cladding for outdoors: a partition wall in the outdoors
In the following drawing, an external space of the house is represented, immediately in front of theentry main house of a single-family house, developed on a single living level and surrounded by a private garden, to be imagined beyond the left side of the representation.
External stone wall between the entrance courtyard and the garden
A low wall at two heights staggered acts as a divider between the entrance courtyard, paved in concrete, and the rear garden, also creating the appropriate living privacy.
The external stone cladding characterizes both the dividing wall and the lower part of the walls on the sides of the entrance door, creating a decorative ribbon with a strong personality in the outdoors.
White stones were chosen for the external cladding, in tone with the gray concrete flooring, on which some were installed recessed headlights that project a grazing light on the iridescent coating stone wall , so as to highlight the reliefs irregular.
In this solution, i white stone coverings for exteriors they are made up of stones with an irregular quadrangular shape, laid in such a way as to be complementary to each other, but always with a rather choppy and apparently casual overall effect.
How to cover a stone wall in a DIY way
Before proceeding with the decorative stone coating, it is advisable to check that the surface of the wall is homogeneous: if there are any cracks, the plaster is applied to the wall creating the appropriate uniformity.
Once theplaster is perfectly dried, start by tracing the horizontal guidelines with the wire, adjusting the distance according to the size of the stones, so as to be able to place the stones in perfect line.
Installation of the wall stones with specific glue and spacers
To fix the facing stones, a glue specific resistant to cold and humidity, available at do-it-yourself centers, obtaining advice based on the type of stone to use.
The glue is spread with a spatula on the stone to be fixed by applying light pressure in a circular motion. It is good to spread the glue too on the wall, evenly, for about one square meter at a time.
The stone wall cladding process varies depending on whether you are laying light and thin stones or large and heavy stones. For the light stones we proceed starting from the top down, for the stones grosse From the bottom to the top.
It is advisable to leave a space of about one centimeter between one facing stone and another. To level the first row, gods are used wedges for tiles, using a straightedge and level.
How to lay facing stones on the wall
If you intend to make a decoration with the staggered stones, the second row is started by cutting a stone in half and proceeding in alternate rows.
During the laying of the stones, the vertical alignment must be checked regularly with plumb line.
If the wall has edges, place the stones starting from these. He arranges one row at a time in length, placing only the whole stones, leaving the stones cut last.
To keep the lines straight, help with the spacers for tiles.
Proceed by leaning on the stone below and then pushing slightly against the wall. It is advisable to frequently move away from the wall to see the work as a whole.
Adaptation and cutting of wall stones
To get a good result, every single stone fragment must be taken in hand, choosing it according to the position it will occupy.
Then it will have to be adapted, reducing its size, working it in the corners and edges and smashing it in width and thickness.
It is done with one hammer to cut with which all four edges of the stone are worked up to make it more three-dimensional, giving more realism to the covered wall.
If you need a more precise cut of the stones, the more experienced can use a tool with lama to disco suitable for cutting hard material. Before starting work, it is a good idea to ask the retailer to indicate the most suitable blade for the thickness of the stone chosen.
Mark the cut line with a pencil before starting.
The cut stone section will most likely need to be grouted to restore homogeneity to the surface.
Apply the mortar in the joints between the facing stones
Once the stones are placed, the work is finished by grouting the joints. using a grout gun for mortar.
Fill the bag with the finishing paste and inject the mortar, taking care not to dirty the stones.
If they get dirty, it is necessary to clean the surface immediately to avoid staining the stones, especially if they are porous and can quickly absorb the grout.
Continue until all the spaces are filled, immediately eliminating the excess material with the spatula because after a few hours the product hardens and you can no longer intervene. After filled up all the escapes, the dough is modeled around the stones.
With a flat iron surround all the stones being careful to leave the same depth between one stone and another. Finally, a waterproofing spray against humidity can be applied.
Facing stones: photos of indoor and outdoor settings
In the image gallery, some interesting settings created by the company can be viewed Pellizzari: particularly original natural stone claddings for exteriors and interiors, capable of giving style and uniqueness in any context.
The photos refer to the company Italpietra always visible in the photogallery, they give an idea of how it is possible to customize the outdoor with attractive external stone claddings, or to adopt high-performance indoor stones to characterize the indoor with the elegance and accuracy of skilled craftsmanship tailored .
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