The Council of Ministers approved the new decree law containing urgent measures to contain the spread of COVID-19, which will take effect on January 16. The measures precede the new division of the country into bands on a regional basis, which will most likely start on January 17 after the relative ordinance of the Minister of Health Roberto Speranza. On the day of the resignation of ministers Bonetti and Bellanova, which sanction the start of the government crisis determined by the break between Italia Viva and the majority, the Council of Ministers gives the green light to a measure that tightens some restrictions but also sets an absolute novelty : the white zone, where the limitations imposed by the famous decree law of 25 March 2020 would cease.
As mentioned, the decree extends the state of emergency to 30 April 2021 until 31 January 2021. Then it extends over the entire national territory the movement “in and out between the territories of different regions or autonomous provinces, except for movements motivated by proven work needs or situations of necessity or for health reasons”, as well as the return to one’s own residence, domicile or home. Furthermore, it is reiterated that “the movement to a single inhabited private house is allowed, once a day, in a period of time between 05:00 and 22:00, and within the limits of two additional people. to those already cohabiting there, in addition to minors under the age of 14 over whom such persons exercise parental authority and to disabled or non self-sufficient persons living together “. The ban on moving between municipalities in the orange areas has been confirmed, except for those with a population under 5 thousand inhabitants (the distance limit of 30km remains and the ban on reaching the provincial capital remains).
The new rules in white, yellow and orange zones
After modifying the parameters that determine the classification level of the Regions with the decree of 5 January, the new decree modifies the restrictions in force in the yellow and orange areas. Basically, the restrictions relating to the orange areas could also apply in the yellow zone, in the presence of a similar weekly incidence of infections and even a moderate level of risk. For the rest, all the rules in force for the yellow, orange and red zones are extended until next March 5th.
If, on the other hand, we find ourselves in a type 1 scenario with a low risk level and “there is a weekly incidence of infections, for two consecutive weeks, less than 50 cases per 100,000 inhabitants”, then the restrictions would fall and the so-called white zone, with the end of the limitations for activities.
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