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Spain registered an excess mortality of 70,703 deaths in 2020 higher than expected, according to data from the latest report by the Daily Mortality Motorization System (MoMo) of the National Epidemiology Center (Carlos III Health Institute) dated January 5.
The results obtained with MoMo estimate that there have been two periods of excess mortality due to all causes (it is not analyzed whether it is coronavirus or not) at the national level, the one between March 10 and May 9, in the worst moments of the pandemic, and between July 20 and December 20, when the second wave has taken place.
Increase shot in the first wave and somewhat more contained in the second
Thus, between March and May, coinciding with the first wave of the virus, an excess of 44,599 deaths was registered, with an increase of 66.9%, which was higher in women (72%) than in men (67%) and concentrated in those older than 74 years (78%), followed by the age group 65 to 74 years (58%).
As for the second period, from July 20 to December 20, the excess was 26,104 deaths, with an increase of 16.6%. In this case, it was also higher in women (21%) than in men (19%) and it was also concentrated in those older than 74 years (19%).
At the level of the Autonomous Communities, excess mortality has been detected in all of them, concentrating mainly on the age groups over 74 and between 65 and 74 years.
The Momo uses the information on mortality from all causes that is obtained daily from 3,929 computerized civil records of the
Ministry of Justice, corresponding to 93% of the Spanish population and which includes all the provinces.
Estimates of expected mortality are made using restrictive models of historical means based on the observed mortality of the last 10 years.
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