Smokers’ risk of coronary heart disease is equivalent to hypertension sufferers

Suara.com – Recent research shows that smoking is equivalent to hypertension which causes coronary heart disease (CHD). Even the chance of getting sick increases by up to 50 percent when using tobacco products.

Chairman of the Indonesian Heart Foundation, Esti Nurjadin, said coronary heart disease due to smoking is a preventable cause of death worldwide.

“Tobacco as the main ingredient of cigarettes is associated with several health problems including heart and cardiovascular disease and many other dangerous diseases,” said Esti through a statement received by suara.com, Wednesday (31/5/2023).

Coronary heart disease is a disorder of heart function due to lack of blood in the heart muscle, due to blockage or narrowing of the coronary arteries due to damage to the lining of the blood vessels.

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Cigarette illustration.  (Pixabay/@realworkhard)
Cigarette illustration. (Pixabay/@realworkhard)

Interestingly said Esti, when someone decides to stop smoking in the first year the risk of coronary heart disease decreases by 50 percent.

Furthermore, if you want to truly recover from coronary heart disease or reduce your risk of getting sick, healthy lifestyle changes must be made, especially diet and daily physical activity.

“A healthy diet can reduce the risk of many chronic diseases, it can also boost our immune system and improve our mental health. A balanced diet includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein and healthy fats,” said Esti.

This statement is also reinforced by the opinion of a Cardiologist and Blood Vessel Specialist, dr. Ario Soeryo Kuncoro, SpJP(K), FIHA, FAsCC who said smoking is the main factor causing coronary heart disease along with obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes.

“This is the most common cause that we can change. What cannot be changed is genetics. Check your blood pressure regularly. The earlier hypertension is known and treated and the causes are avoided, the lower the risk of complications that will occur, “concluded dr. Ario.

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Meanwhile, launching the website of the Ministry of Health, smoking has been shown to be the biggest risk factor for sudden death. The risk of coronary heart disease increases 2 to 4 times in smokers compared to nonsmokers. This risk increases with age and the number of cigarettes smoked.

On the other hand, Indonesia is the fourth country with the largest cigarette consumption in the world after China, the United States and Russia. The number of cigarettes consumed tends to increase from 182 billion cigarettes in 2001 to 260.8 billion cigarettes in 2009 in Indonesia.

Total deaths due to cigarette consumption reached 190,260 people, 100,680 men and 50,520 women. So that 12.7% of the total deaths in 2010 in Indonesia were caused by smoking.


Source: Suara.com – Berita Kesehatan Terkini by www.suara.com.

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