Slovak Egyptian scientists discovered two fortress walls of the fortress of Ramesses III. – Man – Science and technology

Experts focused on the little-known northwestern edge of the fortress of Pharaoh Ramesses III. from the first half of the 12th century BC.

Photo:

Line visualization of the gate.

During the research, they unexpectedly managed to uncover two other fortress walls, which partially overlap each other. This discovery fundamentally changed the idea of ​​the form of the investigated fortress.

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“Until now, we assumed that on the north side of the fortress was behind Ramesses III. only one wall, which in ancient times was enough to defend itself from the side protected by a lake or wetland. However, we discovered two more. One of them was 5 meters thick, the other – higher and younger was up to 9 meters thick, “describes the finding Jozef Hudec from the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and adds that both discovered walls are significantly damaged by earthworks of the owner of the neighboring current market.

Lines of walls. Photo: Jozef Hudec

egypt Lines of walls.

Inside the fortress, archaeologists discovered a massive structure of unfired bricks (raw materials), the outer wall of which has been preserved to a height of almost half a meter. The purpose of the construction remains unknown. Another discovered building is also interesting – so far two pedestals of columns have been found inside it. Research here also revealed several bowls, a skeleton of fish, beads and an amphora from the Third Transitional Period (11th-7th centuries BC).

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Interpretation and dating of the walls give room for several hypotheses. “One of the possibilities we are considering is that the lower masonry was not even a wall. It could also serve as a retaining or foundation wall of the higher wall, based on its stabilization in the wet or muddy bank of a nearby water surface in antiquity. These and other questions related to the shape of the fortress or several fortresses in Tell el-Retáb will be able to provide us with answers until the next research season, “says the Egyptian scientist.

The archeological site of Tell el-Retábí is located in the old Nile valley of Wadi Tumilát, between the present-day cities of Zagazig and Ismailía. In ancient times, this valley was an important line of communication between the Nile Delta, the Red Sea and the Sinai Peninsula. It provided the ancient Egyptians with relatively secure access to mineral resources in Sinai and was also an important gateway to Asia. However, the importance of Tell el-Retabi in the time of the pharaohs was also due to the fact that there were water sources near Tell.

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The September research season confirmed that Tell el-Retabi was not only a fortress, but also a trading and manufacturing site. This is demonstrated by finds of pottery from Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean and thick burnt layers, uncovered between a 9-meter wall and a massive structure.

Egyptian scientists from the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and specialists supported by the Gedíd Aigyptos Foundation completed the eleventh research season at the Tell el-Retábí archeological site in September 2021.


Source: Pravda – Veda a technika by vat.pravda.sk.

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