Sisi uses reconciliation with Turkey to blackmail his Gulf allies – Freedom and Justice Gate بوابة

Middle East Eye published an article by political analyst Ali Bakir, in which he sheds light on the developments in Turkish-Egyptian relations, noting that the leader of the coup gang, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, aims behind the rapprochement with Turkey to blackmail the Gulf countries.

Bakir said in his article translated by the Freedom and Justice Gateway: “While Turkey’s goals and intentions for this process are clear, the same cannot be said for Egypt, and by opening up to Turkey, Cairo may aim to increase its value in the eyes of its partners, and seek To influence its allies while avoiding escalation with Turkey in the midst of the intense conflict over the Ethiopia Dam.

He added that, “In the first visit since the military coup in Egypt in 2013, a Turkish delegation headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Sedat Onal arrived in Cairo in May for a two-day round of exploratory talks, after which the two sides issued a joint statement highlighting the “frank and in-depth” discussions. which dealt with bilateral and regional issues, including Libya, Syria and Iraq, and “the need to achieve peace and security in the Eastern Mediterranean region.”

Bakir explained that the statement had been carefully calibrated to create modest expectations, and kept the door open for further talks, but tied that possibility to a process of assessment and agreement on “next steps.”

He noted that after the May talks ended, two important developments occurred; On June 14, the coup authorities upheld 12 death sentences, including those of a number of senior figures in the Muslim Brotherhood. While some observers described this move as provocative, others considered it a missed opportunity for reconciliation with the Brotherhood.

While Turkey has largely sidestepped this issue, perhaps to avoid giving Egypt an excuse to sabotage the talks, Ankara asserted in April that it remains opposed to countries declaring the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization. Unacceptable.

Regional Relations

He noted that the second development concerns Egypt’s regional relations. Within weeks of the Turkish-Egyptian talks in May, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed traveled to Egypt to meet Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

The author asked: Is this a coincidence? Probably not: None of the three countries has any interest in the Egyptian-Turkish rapprochement, and they are very eager to sabotage it. While bin Salman has moved to disrupt the rapprochement with Ankara, Greece has moved to crush it, and the UAE is believed to be behind the new anti-Turkish lobbying effort in Washington that calls the It is the name of the Turkish Democracy Project.

He continued, “After meeting bin Salman in Sharm el-Sheikh last month, Sisi tweeted informally of the two relaxed and smiling, highlighting that the two countries were on the same page on regional and international issues. Egypt was a member of the Saudi-led Quartet that severed ties with Qatar.” It imposed a blockade on it in 2017. However, while Riyadh worked to reconcile with Doha earlier this year, it did not coordinate with Cairo or integrate its interests.

And he added: “The reconciliation between Riyadh and Doha was supposed to lead to the normalization of relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia, but this did not happen, for two main reasons: First, the Iranian nuclear agreement has not yet been reactivated, which means that Riyadh does not need to join forces with A regional power against Iran, secondly, the United States did not intensify its pressure on Ibn Salman, which will make him more eager to work with Ankara to confront this pressure.

In the current situation, normalization between Egypt and Turkey will lead to the isolation of Saudi Arabia. That is why bin Salman was likely pushing his Egyptian counterpart to slow the rapprochement.

potential challenges

At the same time, the Greek prime minister had two main points on his agenda when he met Sisi: persuading Cairo to sign a full agreement delineating maritime boundaries on oil and gas claims in the eastern Mediterranean, and protesting against Athens’ exclusion from the Berlin conference on Libya, It is an initiative led by Germany that aims to increase the European Union’s regional cooperation in the Western Balkans.The second point for Greece was the call for the departure of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya, and the agreement defining the borders of the eastern Mediterranean with Greece means blowing up any chances of reaching a future agreement between Egypt and Turkey On demarcation of the border, while the second demand aims to further pit Cairo against Ankara on the Libyan issue.

He continued: “As for bin Zayed, the Crown Prince recently attended Sisi’s ceremony to inaugurate a strategic naval base on the Mediterranean near the Libyan border. Since the UAE-backed military coup in 2013, Mohammed bin Salman has never missed the opening of any A newly built military base in Egypt Abu Dhabi is also believed to be the main financier of the massive arms deals that Sisi has concluded with Western countries in the past few years, and his attendance at the opening ceremony of the military base near Libya sent two messages: that Abu Dhabi retains great influence over Egyptian politics And that the United Arab Emirates remains the leading power when it comes to the Libyan crisis, as it continues its disruptive policies.

While the Egyptian media has recently softened its criticism of Turkey, there has been no information about the closure of Gulen-affiliated media outlets in Cairo. Moreover, the foreign minister in Sisi’s government has recently begun to make demands, such as that Turkey stop threatening Arab national security, and that Withdraw from Libya, to withdraw from this country and that country, on behalf of the other Arab states, and while Turkey will ignore such rhetoric, it highlights Cairo’s strategy.”

The writer expected that Khalifa Haftar’s threat to “liberate” Tripoli by force if necessary, after the last meeting with the director of Egyptian intelligence, and that the nomination of the Libyan scientist backed by the United Arab Emirates, Aref Ali Nayed for the presidency, would turn Libya into a land of conflict between Turkey and Egypt, instead of To be a land of common interests.

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