(After last issue)
Once again, he brought up the need for liberation from deprivation (Baghbandi-2004) in his literary collection. He wrote ‘Journey to the ancient city’ about the past and present life of Dhaka. The main preoccupation of his novel is the life of the Brahmins, the revolt, and the development of the struggling tradition and language for the formation of the Bengali nation.
Shawkat Ali is a powerful novelist of the sixties. Refugees, emigration, women’s rights and individuality, life in North Bengal are the main themes of her novel. Prakritjan in his powerful work on the ethnographic heritage of the Bengalis. In this novel, he explores the nationality through the unfolding of the past in the vortex of the inter-state of the state with the individual. This novel is one of the best works of Bengali language. It is a combination of history, geography, anthropology and aesthetic sense of literature. Her three-volume long trilogy of novels has been unveiled in the sixties and seventies through the constant struggle of women in the days of decimation.
Selina Hossain’s novel captures multidimensional themes. Part of his novel covers a large part of the country. Life spent, Gayatri evening Ñ such writing. He has constructed ancient Bengali literature or mythological context in the novel. Such a novel has been written about Charyapad. Chandbene, Shark River Grenade, Barbed Butterfly Novel written in the context of liberation war. Although the exploration of the existence of Bengali nationalism and the attempt to build an independent Bengali nationality is the source of Selina Hossain’s basic inspiration for artistry, her feminist consciousness is also embodied in her novels.
Akhtaruzzaman Ilyas, in his novel Sepai in the attic, depicts simultaneous village and urban life with the mass uprising of 1971 and other issues. The novel depicts the events of the mass uprising as well as the life style of the city and the village in a secular way of life. Ilias’s style of writing, magical speed of language and construction of plot will undoubtedly make him a permanent seat in Bengali novels.
The late Kayes Ahmed has marked his strong position by writing only two novels. The novel captures the reactions of the affluent Hindu minority in a new post-liberation Bangladesh, in a new political context, in a new socio-economic setting. Kayes Ahmed has created this remarkable story with those who survived the fires of riots, wars, wars, partition, revolution and destruction.
In the sixties, at the age of only twenty-four, in the first novel, Surya Tumi Saathi, Ahmed Shafa’s boldness was introduced, and later he became a well-known and acclaimed legend by writing with equal skill. In the context of social reality, Surya Tumi Saathi has provided courageous inspiration to the illiterate, superstitious, exploited, ruled and oppressed people of rural Bengal. The place of his novel Alatchakra is the city of Calcutta at that time, and the time is 1971. The refugee life of the refugees who fled Bangladesh during the war of liberation and took refuge in the city of Calcutta and the situation of the people and the environment in Calcutta at that time have come to the fore. But his Onkar novel is undoubtedly a classic attempt. He presents the vibrancy and impact of a turbulent period of two eras of Bangladesh’s politics, independence and freedom movement as a whole; Which has become the ‘sound of creation of Bangladesh’.
Satyen Sen, a long-time leftist politician, wrote two novels in his old age, The Cursed City and the Child of Sin. In his novel, he tries to look at human society by combining the experience of his political life with the dualistic materialist theories.
Hasan Azizul Haque, a powerful short story writer of the sixties, has recently written a novel called Agun Pakhi. He has written several short novels before. In the novel Agun Pakhi, the humanitarian catastrophe and anguish of a woman centered on a woman is captured in the language of the Radha region.
In the seventies, Humayun Ahmed emerged with his creative genius and strength through the novel Nanditha Narake. At a later stage, a popular genre in Bangladeshi novels was started by Humayun Ahmed. He has achieved enviable success in this field with his magical ability to express the veiled secrets of middle class Bengali characters in simple language. His first published novel, Nanditha Narake, depicts the dark and complex mentality of a human character with great skill through which his power is revealed. In the end he is human; Especially the middle class has been in the process of unraveling the mysteries of Bengali character and various aspects of complex psychology. Just as people stumble to look at themselves in the mirror, so did Humayun’s writings reflect the mysteries and complexities of their own lives. He too was able to grasp the Bengali’s vein and became popular. However, the greatest expression of his obsession with patriotism and the great liberation war has appeared in some novels. His last novel, The Wall, published at the beginning of the second decade, tells the story of the horrific events in our national history, the tragic assassination of the father of the nation. Deyal is an eternal document in Bengali novels due to the truth of history and the creative talent of the author.
Imdadul Haque Milon and Anisul Haque are two writers of this popular genre. Milon is certainly a strong novelist; If he had not run after popularity, we could have called him a serious writer. His novel Adhibas captures a unique picture of how religious divisions change people’s thinking. The fundamentalist clique brutally killed Nurjahan, the eighteenth of Sylhet, in a medieval manner. Milon has written a novel about this incident. By sheltering Nurjahan, he has painted a real picture of the oppressed women of Bangladesh, unveiled the nature of fundamentalism, fatwa and woodcutters. Besides, the liberation war of Bangladesh and various aspects of contemporary politics have come to light in this novel. Anisul Haque’s novel Ushaar Duare, published in 2013, depicts a part of the colorful political life of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu in the Bangma-Bangmi dialogue.
The powerful novelist Shahidul Zaheer wrote his first novel, Life and Political Reality, when he was only 36 years old. In this novel of only 52 pages, he has drawn a ruthless and realistic picture of the liberation war centered on a mahalla of Dhaka city with absolutely no emotion. In this novel, he has shown his uniqueness by walking in a completely different way with his use of speech, construction techniques and language. Attempts at magical realism were also noticed in his life and political reality novels. Her second novel, That Night was a Full Moon, reinforces her previous position.
Haripada Dutt has shown his strength in novels like Python, Hand of the Closed Door, Birth Anniversary of Andhakap. The novel Janma Janmantar, published in 2000, combines anthropological-historical sciences and the author’s biography to capture the tradition of the spiritual development of the human race in the symbolic body of the individual. But he is not so much an explorer of natural life, an analyst of society-state-history; More than that, he tried to identify the bones and roots of the displaced Suchanda. In a word, ‘Janma Janmantar is the narration of the contraction of the word’ Janmabhavami ‘, gradually becoming nameless-nameless পড় which began from time immemorial’.
Shahaduzzaman’s novel The Colonel of the Crucible is more of a history, less of a novel, but it demands discussion as an attempt to find out the truth of history. Not by taking the military forces and their internal statements as suppressing Bangladesh by killing the father of the nation; Crutch’s novel Colonel can be taken as an attempt to identify the enemy of history through the dreams and dreams of a dreamy freedom fighter.
Humayun Azad’s Pak Sar Zamin Saad is a faithful and creative document of contemporary events. In the novel, Azad shows the horrible face of radical violent politics. The novel, written in 2003, captures a direct picture of the rapes, looting, arson and killings perpetrated by radical leaders and activists in minority-populated areas, especially after the 2001 parliamentary elections with the help of the winning four-party coalition government. However, he not only revealed the painful details of the time, but also expressed hope for the liberation of the nation through the passage of the individual from that situation.
Although Harishankar Jaldas started writing in his adulthood, he has been appreciated by the readers with his unique creative talent. His literary prowess is also evident in the variety of subjects of his novels written in the regional languages of the south-eastern part of Bangladesh. In his novel Dahankal, he paints a perfect picture of the life of a seafaring slave and a fishing community. The uniqueness of the novel is that Advaitamalla or Manik wrote about the life of a fisherman on the banks of the river, and Harishankar Jaldas wrote about the life of a fisherman on the banks of the sea. Manik-Advaitamalla’s novel deals with the ups and downs of society, and Jaldas depicts the communal divisions between Jalik (Mausya) fishermen and Kaivarta (Kaittar) fishermen.
Although Chandan Anwar’s Cursed Man, a first-decade novelist published in 2010, is an introspective novel, the main theme is the Indian subcontinental problem: communalism. The marriage of Farah Mehzabin Rima and Sumon Ganguly, two young men of two faiths, and their psychological crisis has reflected the eternal problems of our India. The unborn child in Rima’s womb is a hopeful sign; This seed, which has been flowing from generation to generation, will one day break the dividing line of religion and establish human society. His dedicated life novel, published in 2020, paints a grim picture of the life-reality of the homeless, dispossessed and uprooted Hindu population trapped by the Enemy Property Act since 1974.
Ahmad Mostafa Kamal’s novel The Missing Journey is a narrative of Ershad’s military rule in Bangladesh in the early eighties and the human thinking and life experience created by it. Zahirul and Zaheda Begum of Manikganj led a simple life with their five children. When Ershad imposed martial law in March 1972, their life took a different path like that of Bangladesh. One by one, Daksu elections, cadre politics, mock parliamentary elections, yes-no votes, tearing up the constitution, Bangabandhu’s killers returning to radio and TV with Freedom Party, clashes between Chhatra Dal and Chhatra Shibir and many more.
Hamim Kamal’s factory flute novel captures the current situation of working people. But the novel is not just their superficial narrative; He wants to take us deeper. The factory whistle awakens the hope of facing the contemporary turbulent life and the sure hard times ahead.
Harun Pasha, a promising novelist of the second decade, has already caught the attention of serious readers. Although his novel Teesta is reminiscent of Debesh Roy’s account of the Teestapar, it is easily distinguished from the problems and crises caused by the Teesta Barrage. The novel reflects on water crisis and movement, patriarchy, love-deception, deceit-lust, ritual-miracle, religion and magic-belief, voting and many different aspects of public opinion.
In the overall sense, the subject-variety, variety and artistry of Bangladeshi novels reflect the collective folklore, political-cultural feeling of the town and the reaction of the individual to its influence. The repercussions of state oppression, religious tyranny, social inequality and instability, the activities of the bourgeoisie-feudal class, the life struggles of the hardworking peasants and workers, political-military oppression, etc., echo the novelist’s personal life experience and artistic consciousness. From 1948 to 2020, the novel’s own genre of inspirational language and tactical and aesthetic weaving, keeping in view the national heritage and struggle of Bangladesh, diverse sense of life and inquiry, has been recognized as a world-class and a number of classics in terms of art.
Source: Bhorer Kagoj by www.bhorerkagoj.com.
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