When working on new or unfamiliar systems, these commands will help you gain insight into machine hardware and Windows software.
Useful commands when accessing a new or unknown system
Relevant information, such as installed hardware or software, operating system version and how long it has been running, as well as a list of users and storage resources are all very useful information.
There are also commands that help solve problems quickly or at least provide a quick way to check if one component is working compared to another, providing an easy way to determine the operational status of the underlying processes in a given system. Most commands (including PowerShell commands) should work on different versions of Windows with little or no change. Many of these commands can be linked as a script to run on any new or unknown devices you may encounter to provide an automated method for finding these details.
Check the Windows version
Determine the uptime status of Windows
Sync date and time
net time /SET
Discover the list of installed software
Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Product
List of installed Microsoft updates
Generate a list of all users
wmic userAccount get Name
Determine the amount of data warehouse used
wmic logicaldisk get size,freespace,caption
dir /s “DirectoryName”
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