The realization of the “Jadar” project will leave permanent negative consequences on the environment in Western Serbia, is the position of the Academy of Engineering Sciences of Serbia (AINS).
In the position published on their website, the Academy states that the realization of the project is completely in line with the needs of investors, while on the other hand it will cause wider social consequences and prevent the potential development of green agriculture in the region.
At the same time, AINS states that the “Jadar” project is not a project for the production of the so-called green lithium, but borate which, unlike lithium, has a stable outlook based on dispersed demand, a large number of products and the experience of Rio Tinto.
Risk of radioactive radiation
AINS warns that the realization of the Jadar project potentially carries the risk of natural sources of radioactive radiation, although there is no information about that.
“This sensitive and high-risk issue was completely neglected in the process of analysis and approval of the spatial plan for the special purpose of the ‘Jadar’ project. Having in mind the commitment and previous activities of state authorities to support the implementation of the ‘Jadar’ project, it is questionable whether the further decision-making process will take place in a scientifically based and transparent manner, with public participation in accordance with the obligations under the Aarhus Convention. and binding for Serbia “, reads the position of the Academy.
Although the Government of Serbia has made a strategic decision to support the implementation of the project, which has been in the implementation phase since 2017, AINS states that the scientific and professional public does not know on what basis, ie which development document of the Government such a decision was formulated. whether such a document or analysis exists at all.
Huge impact on the environment
The members of the Academy believe that the realization of the “Jadar” project leads to the degradation of the Jadra Valley landscape and the endangerment of the Primary Natural Resources: land, forests, water and original biodiversity.
“Initial activities on the formation of mines would lead to permanent land degradation on an area of 533 ha: removal of forests and thickets on 204 ha, agricultural areas on 317 ha, residential and economic buildings, yards and yards on 8.3 ha and orchards on 4.2 ha. It is planned to form landfills in the Jadra valley on 146 ha, as well as in the catchment area of the Štavica stream on 166 ha, for which it is necessary to remove forests on 149 ha, with 26,000 m3 of wood mass. “Such a massive conversion of space and loss of habitat will endanger several hundred plant and animal species, of which 145 species have the status of strictly protected and protected species,” the paragraph reads.
Biodiversity will be decimated as a consequence of the project, and the entire area will face the loss of most ecosystem functions (disturbance of surface and groundwater regimes, modification of microclimatic conditions, increased risk of erosion and torrential floods, intensive greenhouse gas emissions).
Also, the members of the Academy are especially worried about the process which calls into question the sovereignty of Serbia, because Rio Tinto, as they say, implements the “Action Plan for Relocation of the Population”, where it unhinderedly buys land and real estate from the local population, with the tacit consent of Loznica and state institutions.
Source: Energetski portal Srbije by www.energetskiportal.rs.
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