Fishing has been an important industry for our linguistic ancestors for millennia. Other water supplies, especially those that have not been obtained on their own, have remained more alien. This is indicated by the fact that their appointments are too late to cancel.
Krapu already mentioned Agricolan in works, but not as an animal, but as a name for constellation and cancer. In many languages, crab and cancer are called by the same word cancer, as ancient doctors already discovered that malignant tumors with blood vessels may resemble a crab.
Borrowed from Sweden as a crustacean dill or search has come into use in the 17th century, when better circles already knew how to appreciate seafood as a delicacy. Instead, the common people for a long time considered the crab to be an unworthy scavenger and a devil messing with the nets.
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Cochlea has been borrowed in the early 18th century from Russia, where the word has passed through Asian Turkish languages from China. It was originally intended to be a real pearl and then also a pearl mussel. Significant river pearl mussel raakku is also a loan from Russia. The raw have been of interest to people precisely because of the pearls.
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Oysters were a delicacy in the Mediterranean since ancient times. Their international designation is based on a Greek word host, which belongs to one bone significant osteonwith the word. Oysters have strong and difficult-to-open shells.
In Finnish, oysters are mentioned in a decree banning the import of luxury goods in 1756 in a suit borrowed from Sweden. oyster. Complies with many Germanic languages osteri has come to Finland only after the middle of the 19th century. Oysters have also been called mussels or mussels.
The name octopus in the 19th century was originally partly borrowed from Sweden, partly translated medicated fish, but soon its first part was replaced by a new word must.
Squid has been borrowed through Sweden from France. It originates from the Latin word calamarium, which refers to writing instruments.
In old maps, sea monsters were often depicted as giant octopuses. The Kalevala is named after the water monster tursas, but there is no telling what it looked like. Only in the early 20th century tursas has been established as the name for octopus octopus.
The word itself is an old Germanic loan that meant a giant, a troll, or a demon. For such tursaille have people been treats.
Kaisa Häkkinen is an academician and professor emeritus of the Finnish language at the University of Turku.
Published in Science Journal 1/2021
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