The tunnels that were once formed in the Moon by volcanic eruptions, the so-called “lava tubes”, may be a suitable place for the creation of human settlements inside. This was stated by a scientist at the Japanese Institute of Radiological Research Satoshi Kodaira, reports RIA Novosti.
In the coming years, some states, including Japan, are planning to start coming to grips with the exploration of the moon. In this regard, questions arise about the possibility of creating settlements there for long-term residence.
According to Kodaira, lava tunnels, according to research by the Japanese space agency JAXA, are tubes, usually running almost vertically. Their width is at least 100 meters, and their depth can reach 50 kilometers.
At the same time, space radiation and meteorites pose a great danger to people on the lunar surface, while placement in lava channels provides protection from them. In addition, the temperature in volcanic tunnels practically does not change.
Japan plans to build a fuel plant on the moon by 2035. The plant is supposed to be located near the south pole of the Earth’s satellite, where there may be large deposits of ice. The water obtained from it can be split into oxygen and hydrogen to obtain fuel, which will be used to generate energy and as fuel for spacecraft.
Source: Российская Газета by rg.ru.
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