Samsung will produce 2 nanometer chips in 2025

One of the important projects in the coming years will be the development and commissioning of a 2-nanometer bandwidth in the second half of 2025, according to the target date. Samsung has not yet provided much substantive information about the project in the research phase. There are so many envelopes that the bandwidth uses new transistors in addition to the increasingly widely used EUV, i.e., the ultraviolet light mode. Like its competitors, the contractor builds its 2-nanometer process on GAA (Gate-All-Around), also known as a nanowire / nano-plate transistor, which has better electrical properties than the FinFET currently in use, while significantly improving scalability.

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According to current plans, the expected transistor density of the process, which will appear four years from now, can only be guessed at. According to data released by IBM’s development lab a few months ago, the 2-nanometer can accommodate roughly 333.33 million transistors per single square millimeter, nearly 96 percent more than the market-leading 5-nanometer TSMC process, which has been in mass production since last year.

In short, this means that nearly twice as many transistors can be manufactured per unit area, which can significantly reduce the chip area or double the critical value with an unchanged area. Nor can it be ruled out that Samsung will also use IBM’s research in its 2-nanometer development. In addition to GlobalFoundries, the two companies are members of the Common Platform Semiconductor Alliance, while Samsung manufactures IBM’s latest Power processors.

The 2-nanometer development will be preceded by the 3-nanometer, which, according to the South Korean contract manufacturer’s current plans, will only be in production in 2023, with a significant slippage. Samsung announced in 2018 that it will deploy nanowire transistors at 3 nanometers. The contract manufacturer at the time promised that the process based on brand new transistors would go into mass production as early as 2022, ie next year. However, development has slipped, so the two variants, 3GAAE (Gate-All-Around Early) and 3GAAP (Gate-All-Around Plus), will only be available in about two years.

Doubling

In addition to some state-of-the-art technologies, Samsung also places great emphasis on very limited production capacity today. The contractor recently plans to double its current production volume by 2026, with the first step being to build new plant units in America for $ 17 billion.


Source: HWSW Informatikai Hírmagazin by www.hwsw.hu.

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