At a meeting with the President of Russia on Cosmonautics Day, a number of important decisions were made regarding the creation of its own orbital station, a transport complex with a nuclear installation for flights into deep space, as well as manned flights to the Moon and missions to Mars.
The Russian orbital station Mir was commissioned on February 19, 1986, and its flooding in the Pacific Ocean took place on March 23, 2001. In advance, Russia acted as one of the main participants in the international project of a new orbital station and on November 20, 1998, launched the first element of the ISS into orbit – the Zarya functional cargo block. The life of the International Space Station was calculated for 20 years, but has now been extended to 2024.
Last year, RSC Energia assessed the prospects for upgrading the ISS by replacing worn-out modules and made the disappointing conclusion that a number of blocks at the station cannot be replaced, and after 2025 their avalanche-like failure will follow – further maintenance of the station will be too expensive. On November 26, the corporation offered to refuse to participate in the international program and create a Russian station.
To discuss the future of the project, the state corporation “Roscosmos” was awaiting the appointment of a new head of NASA after the departure of Jim Bridenstine (Jim Bridenstine), along with the team of the former US president. Now Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov said that at a meeting with President Vladimir Putin, which took place on the solemn day of April 12, it was decided to withdraw from the ISS project and start work on its own orbital station.
Over time, technical details of this difficult, but familiar task to our designers should appear. Its implementation will take time, and according to the Energia Rocket and Space Corporation, the ISS will be able to operate until 2028. According to Dmitry Rogozin, the Russian segment will remain on the ISS and will be able to operate after 2024, because, unlike the American one, it is designed with full autonomy in mind. There are currently no plans to undock and move the Russian modules. Most likely, the future station will be completely new.
The meeting also discussed a promising transport and energy complex with a nuclear power propulsion system for deep space flights. Russia has been developing it since 2010. Real designs of this module already exist, and the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, claims that this will be a breakthrough.
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