Russia and Ukraine: Bombed Energodar, the city where the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is located – Russia and Ukraine exchange accusations again – BBC News in Serbian

REUTERS/Dmytro Smolienko
Residential houses destroyed in the attacks on Orehov, in the Zaporozhye region

Russian troops are shelling the city of Energodar, in the Zaporozhye region, local authorities report, while Russian bombing agencies blame the Ukrainian military, and explosions were heard in Kharkiv, Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Mykolaiv over the weekend.

According to the announcement of the mayor of Energodar – where the nuclear power plant, which has been under Russian control since March, is located – windows and houses were broken in the attack, and cars and yards were engulfed in flames.

Russia blames the Ukrainian army for the shelling, stating that there are also victims. The BBC is unable to quickly verify these allegations.

Mandatory evacuation of civilians from eastern areas where months of fighting have been going on is still progressing slowly, and those who left are considering the possibility of returning.

How difficult it is for millions of refugees who left their homes is also shown by the fact that part of those who fled to the west of the country at the beginning of the war, mostly to the city of Lviv, are now ready to return home to the hot spots of the conflict, reports BBC in Russian.

Due to constant attacks on the area near the largest nuclear power plant in Europe in Zaporozhye, under the control of Russian forces, for which both sides accuse each other, the leaders of this area made an evacuation plan.

The previous day, it was precisely because of this power plant that Russia blocked the adoption of a declaration on nuclear weapons in the United Nations.

And 187.

  • Enerdogar, the city where the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is located, was bombed on Sunday – Russia and Ukraine exchange accusations
  • Due to constant attacks on the area near the largest nuclear power plant in Europe in Zaporozhye, under the control of Russian forces, for which both sides accuse each other, the leaders of this area made an evacuation plan
  • During the action “Ukraine is united” on the bridge in Kiev, on Sunday morning, the gathered carried a giant Ukrainian flag
  • Previously, Russia blocked the adoption of the nuclear non-proliferation agreement at the UN
  • The British are sending underwater drones to Ukraine to clear the coast of mines
  • Putin ordered an increase in the number of soldiers, but it will hardly change the course of the war in Ukraine, according to the British Ministry of Defense
  • Belarusian planes are ready to carry Russian nuclear warheads, claims President Alexander Lukashenko, one of the few allies of Vladimir Putin in the war against Ukraine.
  • Russia is strengthening its military presence in the Arctic, NATO warns
  • Since the start of the war, nearly 5,600 civilians have died, and nearly a third of Ukrainians have fled their homes since the start of the Russian invasion, the UN says
  • In the past six months, 377 children were killed and more than 700 were wounded, the Ukrainian Prosecutor’s Office claims.
  • Since February 24, almost a million Russians have entered the EU, the organization Frontex announced

Six months of war

Ukraine and Russia: Six months since the start of the war
The British Broadcasting Corporation

How do refugees live?

Tens of thousands of people who were forced to leave Donbas and other eastern regions of Ukraine at the beginning of the Russian aggression cannot organize a normal life even six months later.

Although they left in despair due to endless war and insecurity, they are seriously considering options for returning home.

Despite the fact that many, most likely, no longer have a home.

Pensioner Vladimir came to Lviv from Slavyansk.

He spends his pension on renting an apartment, he comes to the refugee center to get groceries.

He says that if the kitchen closes, he will have to go home.

“Nothing is eternal. We will return home in any way, as they say, it’s good to visit, but it’s better at home,” says Vladimir.

“DNR (Donetsk People’s Republic) … they are bombing from there, from here … But there is no major damage – I called home – no,” he told the BBC.

In parallel, the mandatory evacuation of residents of the Donetsk region is proceeding slowly, but the Ukrainian authorities insist that leaving the front is literally a matter of life and death.

“The more people leave the Donetsk region now, the Russian army will have time to kill fewer people,” Zelensky simply explained the need for this step, which should be completed before the heating season.

Refugees face numerous problems – lack of money, inability to find employment in other places, and many do not know the language where they arrive.

Ukrainian men walk in front of damaged houses following recent Russian shelling, as Russia's attack in Ukraine continues, in the city of Slovyansk, in Donetsk region, Ukraine August 28,2022. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Two Ukrainians in front of a building destroyed in months of shelling by the Russian army in the Donetsk region. City of Slavyansk, August 28

Evacuation plan from Zaporizhia

The Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is also ready for evacuation, which has been shelled again, for which both sides accuse each other.

nuclear power plant
The Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, which has been under the control of the Russian army since March

The Russian administration of the Zaporozhye region has drawn up an evacuation plan for the population in the event of an accident at the Zaporozhye nuclear plant, which Ukraine and the international community are warning about.

“We, of course, prepared for any development of the situation and therefore developed a plan for the evacuation of the population in case such a need arises,” said Yevgeny Balicki, the head of the occupation administration, in an interview with RIA Novosti.

The workers of the nuclear power plant – the largest in Europe – accuse the Russian army of psychological and physical pressure.

Ukrainian authorities say Russia is threatening the station and conducting regular shelling.

On the other hand, the Russian military and occupation authorities daily accuse Ukraine of shelling.

Now the station is working normally and the radiation level is normal, claims Balicki (contrary to the stories of station staff, who spoke to reporters on condition of anonymity).

The Russian military took control of the nuclear power plant in early March.

A few days ago, for the first time since it was put into operation in 1984, the power plant in Zaporozhye was temporarily disconnected from the Ukrainian power grid.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky claims that Europe then faced the danger of a radioactive disaster, which was avoided thanks to the inclusion of generators.

Ukraine has been claiming for weeks that Russia is trying to divert electricity from Zaporozhye to its own transmission lines.

The International Atomic Energy Agency has warned that “safe transmission of energy through transmission lines is essential to ensure nuclear safety.”

Nuclear weapons: How far we are from a world without nuclear weapons
The British Broadcasting Corporation

How was the discussion at the United Nations?

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is renewed every five years by 191 signatory countries.

The latest draft of the text was opposed by Russia citing “serious concerns” over military activities around Ukrainian nuclear power plants, especially Zaporozhye.

The discussion followed a four-week conference in New York.

The idea of ​​the agreement is to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons, promote complete disarmament and promote cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Penny Wong said she was “deeply disappointed” by the lack of agreement.

“Russia has obstructed progress by refusing to compromise on a proposed text accepted by all other states,” she said.

Russian representative Igor Vishnevecki condemned the lack of “balance” in the draft of the final text of more than 30 pages.

“Our delegation has a key objection to certain paragraphs that are shamelessly political,” he said, repeating several times that Russia is not the only country that has objections to the text.

America’s representative, Ambassador Bonnie Jenkins, said the US “deeply regrets this outcome, and even more so the Russian actions that brought us here today.”

Last time, the participants of the 2015 revision discussion also failed to reach an agreement.

This year’s meeting was supposed to be held in 2020, but was postponed due to the covid pandemic.

UN headquarters in New York
UN headquarters in New York

Increasing the Russian army does not should affect on the war in Ukraine, assesses the British Ministry of Defense

Russian marines in Seaborne Assault 2022 international competition in Kaliningrad region - 17 August
Russia has been making efforts to modernize the army in recent years, and one of the measures is the increase in the number of contract soldiers

Russia’s plan to expand its armed forces is unlikely to affect the war in Ukraine, the British Ministry of Defense said.

Vladimir Putin recently signed a decree increasing the military personnel of the Russian Armed Forces to more than 1.15 million – a potential increase of 137,000.

But the Defense Ministry said the boost was unlikely to increase Russia’s combat power – partly because of ongoing losses.

President Putin’s decree came in the midst of an army recruitment campaign.

There were reports of recruiters even visiting prisons, promising inmates freedom and money.

Currently, Russia has just over a million military personnel, plus nearly 900,000 civilian personnel.

Athe American Institute for War Studies estimates that it is unlikely that the Russian president will order mass mobilization in the near future.

Western officials claim that between 70,000 and 80,000 soldiers have been killed or wounded since Russia invaded Ukraine six months ago.

“Ukraine is the only place on the planet where cluster munitions are now used”

This conclusion stated in the annual report of the Swiss organization Monitor.

It is funded by the governments of several countries (among them Switzerland, Canada and Australia) and since 1999 this organization has been monitoring how cluster bombs are used around the world.

In 2008, more than 120 countries signed the Convention on the ban of such ammunition – very dangerous for civilians, but neither Russia nor Ukraine was among them.

According to Monitor, both countries have used cluster munitions since the beginning of the war, but Russia, it is claimed, many times more.

cluster bombs

Read the confessions of people who survived the horrors of the war in Ukraine:

Where do the refugees go?

According to the data of the United Nationssince the beginning of the war on February 24, more than ten million people have fled Ukraine, six million of which have gone to neighboring countries.

  • 4.1 million to Poland
  • 1.3 million to Russia
  • 814,000 to Hungary
  • 691,000 to Romania
  • 525,000 to Slovakia
  • 507,000 to Moldova
  • 16,000 to Belarus


Since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, millions of people have left this country, while thousands have left Russia.

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