Rosemary: beneficial properties, how to grow it

What are the beneficial properties of rosemary?

The Rosemary it is one of the best known and most used aromatic plants in the kitchen, as well as for its use beneficial properties. The one referred to is a very widespread species in Europe, Asia and Africa.

Known as Rosmarinus officinalis O Salvia rosmarinus, it is a bush which belongs to the Lamiaceae family. A lover of the Mediterranean climate, rosemary proliferates especially on fertile soils illuminated by the sun. It can also grow on protruding rocky terrain.

Rosemary: characteristics

This aromatic plant can reach a ‘height between 50 and 300 centimeters. The two roots they are robust and its trunk is woody and rather solid. From the branches they sprout leaves evergreen thin, elongated and leathery, while i flowers they are slightly covered with hair and take on a purple color.

Beneficial properties of rosemary

To give rosemary many of its beneficial properties are the essential oils contained in it. First of all theeucalyptus, thanks to which the plant has an appreciated balsamic action. There are also other important components, such as:

  • Alpha and beta pins;
  • Borneolo;
  • Canfene;
  • Canfora;
  • Cineolo;
  • Linalool (as in bergamot essential oil).

Also present are Diterpenes, Triterpenes, as well as good quantities of antioxidants. Among which therosmarinic acid (polyphenol) and some other phenolic acids, choline, vitamin C and tannins. There are several possible applications for this plant, which would promote memory and health of hair, skin and respiratory system.

Many of the properties of this medicinal herb can be exploited both through theuse of rosemary in cooking, for roasts or to flavor soups, both as natural remedy.

Balsamic properties

Let’s start right from balsamic properties of rosemary, which we remember are based above all on the presence of eucalyptol. They are very useful when dealing with typical winter or flu-like illnesses such as cough, nasal congestion e cold.

They help to decongest the airways, especially if used through the fumigate. Just use a large pot to heat the water until boiling, then leave one or two sprigs of rosemary to infuse for 10 minutes. Keep the container covered so as not to disperse the volatile components.

After the required time, cover the garment well with a towel and start the fumigations. Alternatively, a few drops of essential oil of rosemary.

Memory, the beneficial properties of rosemary

Several recent studies have indicated rosemary as possessing beneficial properties for memory and cognitive functions. One example is research from Northumbria University in Newcastle, UK, that smelling the aroma of this plant would stimulate the memory and thelearning.

According to a study by the Saint Louis University School of Medicine, in the USA, rosemary and mint help the body to counteract the advance ofAlzheimer. In general, they would favor cognitive functions and the relaxation.

Diabetes

The study that attributes to rosemary, as well as oregano, a certain efficacy in limiting the presence of glucose in the blood, with the consequent reduction of the risk of diabetes.

Hair, the beneficial properties of rosemary

Good news also for those who care about the hair. Among the beneficial properties of rosemary there is also an action that limits the appearance of white hair and more generally reduces its fall.

Liver and the beneficial detox properties of rosemary

Benefits from rosemary also for the liver, towards which this aromatic plant puts in place an effective action detox. The detoxifying activity of rosemary acts to free the organ from impurities, favoring the disposal of accumulated toxins. We often find it in combination with licorice, which enhances its action.

Rosemary in the kitchen
Source: Image by monicore from Pixabay

Contraindications

Like other aromatic plants or healing herbs, some are also valid for rosemary contraindications. Above all, the advice not to overdo it is valid. At high doses there is a risk of irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, as well as gastritis (of mild entity). As a natural remedy it is not recommended for children, pregnant women and those suffering from epilepsy.

Rosemary herbal tea

the herbal teas with rosemary are a great way to take advantage of its beneficial properties, especially the digestive one, which this plant shares with hops. There are various types, here we will see three possible versions: simple, with sage or with the addition of mint and sage).

Rosemary infusion

The Preparation it’s very simple. A cup of water is boiled, then a tablespoon of leaves is added. We add an additional tablespoon of needles for each extra cup of water brought to a boil.

We leave in infusion for 10-15 minutes, then we filter and consume as soon as the temperature of the liquid makes it drinkable. To exploit the volatile components, it is possible to cover the saucepan during the infusion and discover it when it is possible to breathe the fumes, or to breathe directly the vapors that escape.

But let’s see a little variation, matching sage and rosemary for a decoction. Pour a cup of water into a saucepan and immediately add a tablespoon of rosemary leaves and 5-6 sage leaves. Bring the water to a boil, turn off the heat and leave to infuse for a further 5 minutes. We filter and consume as soon as it is drinkable.

Alternatively, you can make a simple herbal tea by bringing the water to a boil and then adding rosemary and sage. Infusion for 10 minutes, then filtering and consumption when it has cooled down sufficiently.

Digestive herbal tea after dinner mint, rosemary and sage

Finally the digestive herbal tea after dinner mint, rosemary and sage, which most of all will help improve the action of the digestive system. Very useful during the Christmas period, when seasonal ailments are associated with the “fatigue” at the table typical of the holidays. Let’s first see what the ingredients to use:

  • 5 grams of mint leaves;
  • 2 sage leaves;
  • Half a sprig of rosemary or a teaspoon of needles or leaves;
  • 2 grams of chamomile;
  • 2 grams of yarrow;
  • 1 cup of water.

It should be resumed there Preparation relating to rosemary and sage herbal tea, or the decoction version. In this case, pour the necessary water into a saucepan, to which the various ingredients will be added. We place on the fire and bring the liquid to a boil for a few minutes. We turn off and leave to infuse for a further 5 minutes. At this point we filter and consume as soon as it is drinkable.

For the preparation of the infusion, pay attention to the chamomile. Mint, sage, rosemary and yarrow should be left to infuse for 10 minutes in boiling water, while the two grams of chamomile flowers will only be added when there are about 4 minutes left at the end of the procedure.

How to grow rosemary at home

Anyone wishing to take advantage of the beneficial properties of rosemary can buy the ready-to-use twigs directly, use the essential oil or even grow rosemary at home. If you opt for the latter solution, here are some useful tips to get a good result.

First of all for grow it in the garden you need to know that rosemary needs a constant exposure in the sun, therefore the choice of the position inside the house must take this aspect into account. For what concern ground it must be non-stagnant, since excessive accumulations of water are harmful. Better to choose a highly draining and vaguely dry one.

How much to wet the rosemary? During the first year, water regularly every day. Little, however, always to avoid stagnation. Once it has reached that age or alternatively 50 cm in height, it will be possible to switch to awatering every 2-3 days.

If the choice is instead of grow rosemary in pots the simplest way is to buy a seedling already grown in a nursery or even in some supermarkets. For the final planting, choose a pot proportionate to the height you want to reach (the more land available, the larger the size reached in adulthood).

How are rosemary cuttings made?

For the reproduction of rosemary via talea first of all proceeds to cut a branch. A length of 10-15 centimeters will suffice. Remove all the leaves except the most external and insert the sprig in a mixed soil of soil and sand. After waiting a few months, usually the arrival of spring, the roots will be sufficiently formed and you can proceed with the repotting of the new plant.


Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.

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