Roads and railways, security and ports: the projects of the PNRR

15/01/2021 – ‘Infrastructure for sustainable mobility’ is one of the six missions of National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR), which responds to Europe’s request to create a modern, sustainable, remotely monitorable and secure mobility infrastructure system and a competitive and sustainable port system.

The Document explains that the mission ‘Infrastructures for sustainable mobility’ aims at complete by 2026, a first and significant step in a longer-term path towards the creation of a modern, digitized and environmentally sustainable infrastructure system, taking into account the specificities of the orography of the Italian territory.

By adding resources to existing projects and accelerating them, as well as introducing new ones, the aim will be to achieve and to complete works that are part of European infrastructure projects or that they go to fill in gaps which have so far penalized the economic development of the country and, in particular, of the South and the Islands.

For the implementation of this path, the Government has decided to add to the resources of the Next Generation EU, the ordinary budget resources e those of the Development and Cohesion Fund (FSC) 2021-2027.

Roads and railways, security and ports: the projects of the PNRR

The financial endowment consists of 11.68 billion euros of resources already in place e 20.30 billion of new resources. Of the total 31.98 billion euros, 28.30 are intended for high speed railway and to maintenance road 4.0.

The railway network

The investment in the railway network will complete the main railway axes by linking and integrating them with rete AV / AC and at the same time as speeding up e securing of the entire network, with a rapid improvement in the travel times of the lines, particularly in the South. As far as possible, we aim at rail transport for the movement of goods over long distances (between 500 and 900 km) and to solve the problems of the last road and rail miles.

Interventions are planned to speed up the main passenger lines and to increase the capacity of rail freight transport along the priority axes of the North-South and East-West country.

In particular, in the north of the country the Milan-Venice, Verona-Brenner and Liguria-Alps railway lines will be strengthened, improving the connections of the areas north of the Alps with the ports of Genoa and Trieste to serve ocean traffic; in the center of the country two East-West axes will be strengthened (Rome-Pescara and Orte-Falconara) significantly reducing travel times and increasing capacities; the speeding up of the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic lines from north to south will be enhanced.

And will extend the High Speed ​​to the South, along the Naples-Bari route that is completed, and with the maximum speeding up of the Salerno-Reggio Calabria. Finally, the diagonal connection from Salerno to Taranto and the Palermo-Catania-Messina line will also be speeded up. Particular attention is paid to regional lines in the South, with upgrading, electrification and resilience interventions. A specific forecast of one integrates the framework of infrastructural interventions in the South Plan for Southern stations.

These are mainly interventions in the south aimed at homogenize and raise performance standards existing infrastructures for both passenger and freight traffic. This context also includes interventions on regional railways which provide for the adaptation of some regional lines (Canavesana, Turin-Ceres, Bari-Bitritto, Rosarno-San Ferdinando, Sansepolcro-Terni, Benevento-Cancello, a network managed by FSE) to the standards 94 national network technicians, both from an infrastructural and technological security point of view.

Digital monitoring for road safety

It is also essential – reads the PNRR – to invest in digital remote monitoring systems for verifying the safety of road arteries, immediately identifying the necessary urgent works for safety deteriorated road arteries, bridges and viaducts.

In fact, interventions are planned to ensure safety, contrast and adaptation to climate change, as well as digitization of the road network, through an advanced digital monitoring system, which allows for greater safety of road infrastructures in the face of seismic, instability and accident risks, making savings on future maintenance costs carried out in predictive terms, based on the life of the infrastructure.

International ports and marinas

Finally, the mission has the objective of developing a competitive port system throughout the national territory capable, on the one hand, of playing an important role together with the ports of Northern Europe for ocean trades – in this sense, the completion of the Alpine passes (starting from Gotthard and Brenner) and of the TEN T connections with ports of Genoa and Trieste they will allow Italy to enjoy a development consistent with its geographical position.

On the other hand, also in consideration of the strategic role that they can assume in relaunching the country’s competitiveness, the necessary infrastructural and logistics interventions will allow for role of the Ports of Southern Italy in intra-Mediterranean transport and for tourism.

Territorial rebalancing and development of the South

The territorial rebalancing and development of the South are one of the three transversal priorities decided by the European Commission, together with the empowerment of women and the growth of the employment prospects of young people.

Pursuing territorial rebalancing – reads the PNRR – means reducing territorial gaps and freeing up the unexpressed development potential of the South, maximizing projects aimed at pursuing this objective, which is also valid as priority criterion of territorial allocation interventions.

In the definition of the project and intervention lines of the PNRR – the document still reads – the share of total resources destined to the South will be specified.

The Government, to “maximize the additional commitment for territorial cohesion”, has decided to integrate the PNRR interventions with the European and national cohesion policies currently being planned, favoring synergies and complementarity between the resources coming from the Recovery and Resilience Facility , those provided by REACT EU, and the advance share of the Development and Cohesion Fund (FSC) 2021-2027.

DL Simplifications and infrastructure

In order to carry out the interventions – the chapter on infrastructures of the PNRR continues – the framework of procedural reforms referred to in the Simplifications Decree, with the possibility of activating specific tools in the event of blockages. It is about the rules that provide for direct assignment of design assignments up to 75 thousand euros and works up to 150 thousand euros and new procedures for building permits.

Source: by

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