Goran Janićević, the author of the cult show about the RTS army “Dozvolite“ “, researched how military service is regulated in Europe.
The survey covered 14 countries.
– Each country adapts the solutions to its defense needs, but also to the mood of the public – this journalist notes.
Finland has the largest military service in Europe, where 80 percent of young people serve in the military, and 20 percent in the civil service. The military term of six months is valid for all branches, except for special forces and paratroopers who are trained for a year.
– Finns serve in the army because of tradition, but also real needs – Janićević points out.
Another characteristic example of military service is Norway.
– In this country, the army is formally voluntary, but due to the tradition and privileges they receive, as many as 15 percent of young people serve in the army. Military service lasts six, 12 or 18 months. Privileges are a job in the army, enrollment in the Military Academy and priority in employment in the civil service or administration.
The examples of Austria and Switzerland are also interesting.
– Austrians serve in the army because it is a symbol of their military neutrality, but also in order to preserve the connection between the army and the citizens. The military service lasts for six months, and if someone files a conscientious objection, then he serves in a civil service for nine months.
Janicevic says that Switzerland is an even better example because its army is completely based on mass military training:
– About 20,000 people serve in the regular army and the military service lasts 21 weeks or 147 days. The reserve serves 240 days for soldiers, up to 680 for top officers. Other young citizens pay a tax of three percent of their annual salary until the age of 37. The tax is also paid by those who want to avoid serving in the army, but also by one third of young people who do not pass the physical and mental checks of the recruitment commission.
Experiences of Sweden and Denmark
Janicevic also explains all the models of military service in other European countries:
– In Sweden, compulsory military service was abolished in 2010, returned eight years later. However, in this country, the Recruitment Agency annually selects only 4,000 young people who are trained between four and 12 months, depending on the specialty. In Denmark, military service is obligatory and lasts four months for ordinary soldiers, while future reserve officers and non-commissioned officers and recruits in the Royal Guard serve from nine to 12 months. In this country, too, about 4,000 young people are recruited annually, of which more than 99 percent apply voluntarily – the editor of “Dozvolite ističe” points out.
There is also a variety of military service when it comes to the former states of the Soviet Union.
– In Estonia, military service has never been abolished and annually more than 3,000 young people serve military service that lasts from eight to 11 months. Lithuania is the only NATO member country to abolish military service in 2007. However, she returned it eight years later and annually about 4,000 recruits served their military service for nine months. Despite the great interest, recruits have privileges. They receive a salary that for the entire duration of the military service amounts to an average of 3,000 euros, which is two average Lithuanian salaries. There is another advantage, and that is that employers do not pay taxes and contributions for six months if they hire a worker who has served his military service – states Goran Janićević.
Source: Vesti online by www.vesti-online.com.
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