Urinary tract inflammation is an ailment too familiar to many. Only a few drops of pee may wheeze, but in a moment there will be an unbearable emergency again, as even a small amount of urine irritates the inflamed bladder and makes it shrink. The disease includes stinging and lower abdominal pain.
Women are susceptible to urinary tract infections due to their anatomy, as bacteria easily climb along the short urethra from the perineum or intestine to the bladder. Urinary tract infection is common at the beginning of sex.
Symptomatic urinary tract inflammation is usually controlled with 3 to 5 days of antibiotics. Fever and back pain, on the other hand, are signs of more severe kidney inflammation, requiring a long course of antibiotics of 10 to 14 days.
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Bacterial culture indicates inflammation
In urinary tract inflammation, the urine sample contains bacteria and white blood cells that report inflammation, sometimes red blood cells. The sample is cultured to show the antibiotics that are most effective against the bacteria.
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However, the course can be started immediately. Sometimes there are bacteria in the urine, but there are no symptoms. Then the inflammation does not need to be treated unless the woman is pregnant.
If there are three or two infections in a year, prophylaxis is usually started for six months. The medication prevents the growth of bacteria in the urine, which means that the body’s own defense mechanisms also work better.
Cranberries work for others
A person suffering from urinary tract infections should drink plenty, as the fluid rinses the bacteria from the bladder and they do not have time to multiply there. It is good to empty the bladder before and after sex.
In some studies, cranberries and cranberries or cranberry juice have been shown to reduce bacterial growth and urinary tract infections, while in some studies no effect has been observed.
However, if you have received help from cranberries, it is definitely worth continuing to eat them, as the individual differences are great.
Did you fly at sneezing?
Urinary incontinence also affects more women. Occasionally, up to half of women suffer from it. Regular urinary incontinence increases with age and after childbirth. The amount of urine that escapes may not be large but is still annoying.
Underlying urinary incontinence is a nervous system problem that causes the bladder to contract and empty. The urge to urinate strikes so fast that a person does not always have time to go to the toilet.
In a person suffering from stress incontinence, urine escapes as the pressure in the abdominal cavity increases. This can happen, for example, when coughing, sneezing, running or jumping.
Compulsive incontinence can be treated with bladder relaxing physiotherapy. Stress incontinence is aided by muscle training, often supported by an EMG or ultrasound and, if necessary, electrotherapy. The treatment is painless.
If three months of physiotherapy does not help, the sufferer of stress incontinence can have an operation in which a support band is inserted under the urethra to improve urinary retention.
Experts are Jaakko Salo, a specialist in urology, and Anu Parantainen, a physiotherapist, urotherapist and sexual counselor.
This article appeared in Good Health. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service.
Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.
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