Profession of engineer, CNI: the new qualifications are decreasing

15/02/2021 – Engineering graduates who obtain the professional qualification and, subsequently, enroll in the Register are constantly decreasing: in the early 2000s the qualified graduates exceeded 20 thousand, in 2019 they remain just under 8 thousand. All this despite the fact that the number of engineering graduates continues to increase and the engineering degree courses are at the top in terms of number of students.

The figure emerges from Annual report elaborated by Study Center of the National Council of Engineers (CNI) dedicated to the qualification exams of engineer and architect.

“20 years after the entry into force of Presidential Decree 328/2001 which has revolutionized the structure of professional registers and the methods of accessing them – he says Armando Zambrano, President of the CNI – we must note that the tendency of engineering graduates to enroll in the Register is decreasing. This confirms the need, on the part of the Orders, to open up to non-registered engineers, to become attractive ”.

“The CNI – adds Zambrano – has long since reached this conclusion by orienting itself, also through the strengthening of its Foundation, towards offering a wide range of services for engineers ranging from training, to certification of skills, to the selection of the best job offers. Furthermore, we are working to increase the appeal of the register towards graduates in the fields of information and industrial engineering ”.

Profession of engineer, CNI: the new qualifications are decreasing

The Study Center report attests that only 29% of graduates obtain the professional qualification for access to Section A of the Register. Of the first level graduates, those who qualify for the junior engineering profession do not reach 2%. Moreover, among those qualified, only a small part actually enrolls in the Register. Among the almost 8 thousand qualified in 2019 for the profession of engineer, only 3,500 were enrolled in the Register.

“This phenomenon – he says Giuseppe Margiotta, President of the CNI Study Center – it is not just about engineers, it also involves other professions. Among architects, for example, the number of qualified architects has practically halved over the last 20 years: in 2019 there were about 3,600, whereas in 2003 they exceeded 7 thousand. It must be said that these data are influenced by the different orientation, compared to the past, in the choice of the study course in engineering, once strongly oriented towards civil engineering ”.

Fewer and fewer civil engineers and more industrial and information engineers

It should be remembered that for several years the number of people enrolled in civil engineering courses has been gradually decreasing, as opposed to what happens in industrial and information addresses. Since the register is still mainly intended as a prerogative of civil engineers, the decline in qualified personnel becomes consequent.

Specifically, in 2019 the number of qualified engineers and junior engineers is dropped below 9 thousand for the first time: 8,512 to be exact, 608 less than in 2018. Unlike the previous survey, the decline was recorded for both types of graduates: the qualified of Section A are less than 8 thousand (in 2018 they were 9,120), while those of Section B are 606 (631 in 2018).
In the distribution between the three sectors, it should however be noted that, compared to 2018, it is slightly reduced the share of qualifications in civil and environmental sector to the advantage of that of information sector that, while remaining at very low values ​​(6.6%), for the first time he directed a higher value compared to that of the previous year. The share of industrial engineers remained substantially unchanged (35.3%).

As for the qualified for Section B, almost three quarters are made up of junior civil and environmental engineers, while the share of qualified for the industrial sector has significantly decreased compared to Section A (21%).

Moving on to the exam site, the universities of the south those with the greater number of qualified, although they show a decline of around 10% compared to the previous year. Even more evident (-15%), the decrease of qualified students in the universities of the North-East, while less variability is recorded in the universities of Central Italy and the North-West.

As for the exam success rate, in 2019 was 87.9%, a value higher than 86.7% recorded in 2018 and at all 10-year values. A positive figure is also recorded among junior engineers, since after several years of progressive decline, the share of qualified candidates has returned to grow compared to the number of candidates: 78% against 71.1% in 2018.

Source: by

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