Potato care! This will increase your yield!

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Potato care after germination directly affects the quality and yield of tubers.

It is necessary to perform certain care measures. It is important to ensure that young plants are not endangered by weeds, which is done by cultivation operations.

Hoeing should be done if we have not managed to clear the field of weeds by cultivation.

We create furrows by covering. Irrigation can be done through rapids, drip system or artificial rain. And it is necessary to feed the crop.

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How to organize the care of potatoes, advice is given by Boban Stanković, B.Sc. eng. agriculture PSSS.

Cultivation

When the rows of plants appear, that is, the plants appear on the raised banks, the land is cultivated.

This measure aims to break the crust, scatter the surface layer of the soil, destroy the emerged weeds between the rows and sow enough soil mass to form a good ridge in which new tubers will be formed. The number of cultivations is performed as needed.

Hoeing should be done 2-3 times

If the soil is treated with quality and good means against weeds, and the soil is regularly cultivated, then it is usually not necessary to perform manual hoeing directly around the plants.

This measure, depending on the conditions, requires a lot of human labor. It is usually performed 2-3 times.

Digging is still done somewhat more massively on small areas and family gardens.

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The cloak

When the plant reaches a height of about 20 cm, the first covering is performed, and if necessary, before flowering, the second, says Stanković.

By covering the plants, a ridge is formed – a raised furrow. It is usually trapezoidal in cross section.

The width of the top part is 15-18 cm, the height is about 20 cm, and the slope is about 35 degrees.

In a well-formed ridge, the tubers are always above the bottom of the furrow. This is especially important in the case of heavy rains or excessive irrigation, when the water stays in the furrow for at least a while, but the tubers will be above the level of the marshy soil.

Irrigation through furrows or artificial rain

Potatoes have the greatest need for moisture during flowering and tuber formation.

In the first part of the vegetation, soil plants usually have sufficient amounts of moisture accumulated during the winter. Less often, the so-called spring drought, when it is necessary to irrigate crops at that time as well.

Lack of moisture is easy to notice – the leaves curl, the plants show signs of decay, cracks appear on the soil.

If an irrigation system is already in place, the soil should not be allowed to dry out too much and then irrigation should begin. In this case, the potato tubers overgrow.

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Irrigation can be done through furrows or artificial rain.

Irrigation norms are 30-40 mm. The number of irrigations is performed as needed.

After irrigation, the crop should be preventively treated with protective agents against plant diseases, adds advisor Stanković.

Irrigation should not start in the hottest part of the day.

There are different ways of irrigation: artificial rain, rainwater irrigation, sprinkling, drip irrigation. Artificial rain is the most common method of irrigation.

Feeding

If a certain amount of nitrogen fertilizers is left over from the planned amount, it should be applied once or twice during the first cultivation, and the rest during the mulching.


Source: Bolja Zemlja by www.boljazemlja.com.

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